session grouped by Graham Loud (19/11/03):
Abstract paper -a:
My report will start with a short descripton of female and male peasant values, as they can be detected in the name-giving practices in northern France between the 9th and 11th centuries. Then I will try to show that this peasant ‘image of the world’ can help to understand some texts, produced by the noble or monastic culture. Il will allow me to question the idea of radical ‘alterity’ of ‘high’ and ‘low’ cultures (as it was formulated by A.Gurevitsh or P.Freedman), as well as, to the end, a thesis about the peasant culture as an ‘undifferenciated entity’, excluding every form of individuality, this thesis being one of the main criteria for the separation of ‘high’ and ‘low’.
Abstract paper -b:
Le traitement critique et simultanément anthroponymique, prosopographique et anthropologique des documents qui constituent les Livros dos Originais du Chapitre de la Cathédrale de la ville du Porto, localisée au Nord-Ouest de Portugal (Péninsule Ibérique), relatives aux années de 1301 à 1406, permet rencontrer l’élite ecclésiastique et offre aussi un fiat lux sur la diversité et richesse de la sociabilité quotidienne du bourg médiévale du Porto. Constituant une étape d’une recherche plus étendue, cette étude saisira surtout la voix de l’élite ecclésiastique de la ville, puisqu’on aspirera surtout à dénuder les susdits documents, entrevoyant les intérêts qu’ils cherchent à défendre.
Abstract paper -c:
The paper gives a summary and analysis, from the sociological and ethnological point of view, of the basic characteristics of the identity and culture of the Romaniens population, bearing in mind the specificity of this population on the Balkan and Europe. After a detailed discussion on the ethnogenesis and demography of Roms (Gypsies), the author gives a detailed description and analysis of their identity and culture, habitations and education, occupations and the manner in which they earn their living, as well as their family and mar… (incomplete)
Abstract paper -d:
The ethno-religious content of Sabon-Garin communities in the Nigerian society and the quasi-political roles they play at critical moments of the nation’s life makes an interesting comparative study of this phenomenon with medieval times worthwhile. Sabon garin, or ‘new town’, is inhabited by newer ethno-religious communities settling within the limits of a more ancient and ethnically homogeneous community. In the northern part of Nigeria, the Sabon-Garins regroup all non Hausa-Fulani settlers of whatever faith or ethnic origins while the Hausa-Fulani settler in any part of Southern Nigeria (east or west) naturally gravitates to the Sabon-Garin.