IMC 2004: Sessions

Session 106: Relations with the Papacy

Monday 12 July 2004, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:John Doran, Department of History & Archaeology, University of Chester
Paper 106-bThe Romans Clashing with the Papacy: Rome 1143-1155
(Language: English)
Romedio Schmitz-Esser, Institut für Geschichte, Universität Innsbruck
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Political Thought
Paper 106-cCatholicism versus Protestantism: Typological Thinking and the Clash between Religious Cultures
(Language: English)
Brigitte Dekeyzer, Studiecentrum Vlaamse Miniaturisten, KU Leuven
Index terms: Art History - General, Manuscripts and Palaeography
Abstract

grouped by Liz James 24-10-03
Abstract paper a-
Il “conflitto” tra Bizanzio e Roma nell’ambito medievale ha indubbiamente delle radici molto profonde. Peraltro, come ricorda Meyendorff, differenze culturali e storiche possono facilmente condurre a divergenze teologiche ma non è “necessario” che queste conducano a loro volta ad una vera e propria “incompatibilità”. Almeno a partire dal IV secolo, del resto, si registrano conflitti e tensioni tra Oriente e Occidente, talvolta anche molto rilevanti, ma sino all’XI sec. i problemi erano stati in linea di massima “risolti” nell’ambito dei Concili. In seguito, tuttavia, emersero più diffusamente le divergenze, fino a condurre allo “scisma”, che va contestualizzato nell’ambito dell’evolversi di uno “scontro” tra due civiltà culturalmente distinte, diverse, anche se aventi in sé molti elementi comuni. La “quaestio” in realtà va molto aldilà dell’accettazione o meno del primato petrino e si inserisce innanzitutto in un contesto “conflittuale” correlato a sua volta all’acutizzarsi di “divergenze” teologiche, e ecclesiologiche in particolare, rilette non quali realtà tra loro “armonizzabili”, all’interno di un pluralismo fecondo, ma come due poli opposti e inconciliabili.

Abstract Paper b
This paper discusses the revolt of the Romans against the pope and the first decade of the Roman Senate. Which political ideas were behind this movement? Who supported the newly formed Senate, who sat in it? To answer these questions, especially the influence of Arnold of Brescia and his followers (as Wezel) on the policy of the Roman Senate shall be taken into consideration. This is a new approach to the argument as the historic research has so far missed or widely underestimated the role Arnold played in the concert of different political powers in mid-twelfth century Rome.

Abstract paper c-
In the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, the typological thinking that linked the Old and New Testaments blossomed as never before. This paper goes in search of the reasons for this intense focus and offers a possible explanation. It becomes immediately clear that these typological activities were in essence restricted to the Catholic camp and that the Protestants distrusted such layered, multi-interpretable readings of the Bible. Typology increasingly became a weapon in the struggle against Protestantism. Unique works of art, especially illuminated manuscripts, created in the conservative, elitist camp were the result.