session grouped by Phil Cardew (25/11/03):
Abstract paper -a:
Au XIIIe siècle, l’Europe féodale est à son apogée et son rayonnement politique, économique et culturel est incontournable. Face à ce défi permanent, le Nord semblait bien fragile et sa culture menacée. Or, ce fut ce siècle qui offrit à la postérité une littérature exceptionnelle.
A partir de l’étude de quelques-uns de ces chefs-d’œuvre, et en particulier des valeurs humaines et sociales que leurs héros incarnent, cette présentation propose d’évoquer quelques aspects significatifs de ce processus d’européanisation qui, quoique contraignant, s’avéra être l’incitation nécessaire à la consolidation et à l’affirmation de l’identité culturelle scandinave.
Abstract paper -b:
This paper questions the extent to which monastic practices of the Roman Church held sway in Iceland following attempts during the twelfth century to reform the Icelandic Church. Focussing in particular upon the saga of St Martin, a saint famed for establishing a balance between ascetic and coenobitic practices, Icelandic attitudes towards eremitic monasticism shall be reassessed. For, despite the fact that asceticism has been seen as a concept quite alien to a nation renowned for its half-hearted acceptance of Christianity, in these Old Norse-Icelandic translations the ascetic leanings of Martin are introduced without hesitation from the opening paragraphs.
Abstract paper -c:
Until recently the question about the presence of Normans in the Caspian region during the 9th-11th centuries was not sufficiently investigated. To study this problem, a number of medieval chronicles in Russian, Persian and Arabic have been analysed by the author of the present paper. According to the medieval historian Al-Tabari, Vikings appeared in Caspian in the 7th century. Other medieval authors don’t confirm it and show other dates: the 9th-10th centuries. Al-Masudi describes a Norman invasion in Azerbaijan and Shirvan in 912-913. A poem by Khagani Shirvani (1121-1199) about the battle between the Normans and the Shirvan fleet has been analysed for the first time.