IMC 2004: Sessions

Session 1204: The Practice of Crusade

Wednesday 14 July 2004, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Helen J. Nicholson, School of History, Archaeology & Religion, Cardiff University
Paper 1204-aCrusading Families and Domestic Pilgrims: Regulating the Foreign by Cultivating the Domestic in La substance de la Chevalerie de la Passion de Jhesu Crist en Francois
(Language: English)
Susan E. Udry, Purdue University
Index terms: Crusades, Language and Literature - French/ Occitan, Social History, Women's Studies
Paper 1204-bViolent Victims?: Perceptions of the Baltic Crusades as a War of Self-Defence
(Language: English)
Rasa Mazeika, Lithuanian Archives of Canada, Ontario
Index terms: Crusades, Military History
Paper 1204-cThe Crusaders' Perceptions of their Opponents
(Language: English)
Margaret Jubb, Department of French, University of Aberdeen
Index terms: Crusades

session grouped by Norman Houseley (4/11/03):
Abstract paper -a:
Beginning in 1368 Philippe de Mezieres redacted several versions of a rule for his planned crusading society, whose goals were to retake Jerusalem and offer aid to existing Christian forces in Cyprus. In the rule he provides detailed descriptions of the economic and governing organization of a military settlement of which the conjugal household is the social and spiritual center. This paper addresses the clash of domestic and chivalric cultures by posing the question, “how does the cultivation of “family life” in the rule, chiefly of chastity over virginity, redefine/reinforce the boundaries between East and West?”

Abstract paper -b:
Chronicles of the Teutonic Order are often interpreted as paeans to forcible conversion although this paper shows they emphasize defence; the militarily stronger party presents itself as beleaguered and endangered. Presumptive attacks are justified as striking fear into the enemy and thus preventing future attacks, as well as a means to military readiness. Enemy power is praised or even exaggerated, for it becomes a sign of God’s favour that the Christians are able to defeat the mighty infidel.

Abstract paper -c:
Abstract forthcoming 9/10/03