IMC 2004: Sessions

Session 1215: Cross-Cultural Art and Architecture, I

Wednesday 14 July 2004, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Christine Havice, School of Art, Kent State University, Ohio
Paper 1215-aAn Umayyad Mosque within the Church of the Kathisma
(Language: English)
Rina Avner, Israel Antiquities Authority, Hebrew University, Jerusalem
Index terms: Archaeology - Artefacts, Islamic & Arabic Studies
Paper 1215-bImage versus Language: Cultural Tensions in Medieval Islamic and Christian Depictions of Roderick, Last Visigothic King of Spain
(Language: English)
Elizabeth Drayson, Department of Spanish & Portuguese, University of Cambridge
Index terms: Islamic & Arabic Studies
Paper 1215-cMamluks, Mongols, and Crusaders: Religious Conflict and its Representation in Mamluk Architecture
(Language: English)
Karen Rose Mathews, Department of Art & Art History, University of Miami, Florida
Index terms: Architecture - Religious, Crusades, Islamic & Arabic Studies

grouped by Liz James 24-10-03:
Abstract paper a
The accidental revelation of the remains of the 5th century monastery and church of the Kathisma in the outskirts of Jerusalem is truly a miracle. Undoubtedly it is the most important archaeological Early Byzantine Christian discovery in the Holy Land of the last few decades per se. What enhances the interest in the site is the astounding quantity and nature of the material which has survived, datable too.
The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss Early Islamic remains which have been uncovered within the church. The archaeological evidence combined with the historical-literary sources connected to the site of the Kathisma pours new light on the documentary commitment of the Muslim invaders of Jerusalem given to the Christian Church to protect the Holy Places of the city.

Abstract paper b-
In an early 8th-century palace in Syria, an image survives of Roderick, last Visigothic king of Spain, whose passionate love affair with La Cava precipitated the Muslim invasion of his country in 711. Startlingly, this Umayyad painting predates the earliest written historical source, the Cronica mozarabe of 754 and of Hispanic origin, which recounts the barest details of the Muslim conquest. The paper will assess current opinion regarding the interpretation of this Arabic visual image of the Visigothic king and consider its implications in relation to the development of the legend of Roderick and La Cava in written form during the medieval period.

Abstract paper c
Early in their rule, the mamluks embarked upon a multi-front war with the Western European Crusaders and the Mongols, both of whom presented a religious and political challenge to Mamluk military expansion. The ideological nature of the struggle between the Mamluks and these two adversaries was expressed, on the one hand, by appropriating objects from Christian structures to adorn Mamluk buildings. On the other hand, the Mamluks essentialized their Mongol enemy through a strategy of non-representation in their architectural structures, demonstrating the differing nature and significance of these two adversaries for the Mamluk empire.