IMC 2004: Sessions

Session 1315: Cross-Cultural Art and Architecture, II

Wednesday 14 July 2004, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Margaret E. Mullett, Institute of Byzantine Studies, Queen's University, Belfast / AHRC Centre for Byzantine Cultural History
Paper 1315-aHarmony of Cultures: Three Examples in Medieval Anatolia
(Language: English)
Soner Sahin, Department of Architecture, Yeditepe University, Istanbul
Index terms: Architecture - General, Art History - General
Paper 1315-bGeorgian Tiara under the Turkish Turban: Georgian Medieval Cultural Heritage in Turkey
(Language: English)
Irene Giviashvili, Department of History & Theory of Art, Tbilisi State University
Index terms: Architecture - General, Art History - General, Local History
Paper 1315-cGeorgian Heritage in Turkey: Mystery and Reality
(Language: English)
Irakli Koplatadze, Cultural Heritage Without Borders Fund, Tbilisi
Index terms: Art History - General, Crusades, Local History

grouped by Liz James 24-10-03:
Abstract paper a-
The subject of this paper is three medieval buildings that have interesting features of intercultural relations. They were built in the age in which Constantinople was sacked by the Crusades. These buildings are: the Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi (c. 1226), Sungur Bey Mosque (1335), and the Tomb of Sultan Mesud (middle of the 14th century). Although they were built under the Turkish-Islamic patronage (Anatolian Seljuk kingdom), they have some common features with Hellenistic, Western Gothic and Byzantine architecture. They are examples of architectural hybrids that show the transformation and manipulation between local cultures and the cultures of newcomers.

Abstract paper b
The paper focuses on cultural heritage of medieval Georgia located in historic Tao-klarjety, the land owned by Turkey for the last four centuries. Establishment of Christianity as a state religion in 337, invasions by islamic conquerors, aliance with Byzantine, pilgrims from the East, different Georgian monastic settlements in saint lands, trade with east and west, all that influenced cultural heritage of the country, is well depicted in the region of Tao-Klarjety still preserving hundreds of original monuments including architecture, sculpture, mural painting of V-XIV cc.The paper argues to consider this heritage of great value and calls for its protection.

Abstract paper c
Fourth Crusade (1204) followed by conquer of Constantinople by Ottomans (1453) led to the sack of Tao-Klarjeti of Georgia (1552-78). This cradle of Georgian Christianity (337), the metropolis for Georgian Royal Bagrationi Dynasty (VIII-XIX cc) and the strong Christian province of European Middle Ages is still inhabited by Georgian-speaking but already Muslim population and unstudied inspite of its masterpieces of architecture, painting and folk-lore of V-XVI cc. The paper gives one of the first attempts to explore mysterious and almost unknown Medieval Georgian cultural heritage in Turkey that still expects to be discovered by the scholars of XXI century.