IMC 2004: Sessions

Session 1617: Law Enforcement and Transgression in the Localities

Thursday 15 July 2004, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Chris Lewis, Victoria County History (Sussex), Institute of Historical Research, University of London
Paper 1617-aThe Disappearing Oyer and Terminer
(Language: English)
G. R. Boynton, Department of Political Science, University of Iowa
Index terms: Law
Paper 1617-bComital Power and the Struggle over Local Legal Competence in Holland, c. 1300
(Language: English)
Lisanne Vleugels, Leerstoelgroep Middeleeuwse Geschiedenis, Universiteit van Amsterdam
Paper 1617-cCorruption and Enforcement in a Medieval Borough: The Assize of Ale in Ruthin, 1312-1322
(Language: English)
Matthew Frank Stevens, Centre for Metropolitan History, Institute of Historical Research, University of London
Abstract

session grouped by Chris Lewis (7/11/03):
Abstract paper -a:
Commissions of oyer and terminer were an important mechanism of governing in the first half of the fourteenth century. However, between 1350 and 1450 their use dropped quite dramatically. In the early years approximately 130 commissions were issued each year. By the later period only about six commissions were issued each year. While oyer and terminer was declining the number of commissions issued by the king remained relatively constant. The paper will trace the drop, examine the types of actions no longer pursued by the king, and examine the types of commissions that were replacing oyer and terminer.

Abstract paper -b:
The incomparable court roll evidence for the English countryside shows that village trespass took many forms over time. Court roll evidence shows an increase in volume and an evolution of new forms of trespass, especially trespass by large groups of people, and trespass by people with animals in large numbers, an activity rarely noted before 1350. After 1350, reeves, outsiders and transients were the most innovative offenders, suggesting that trespass should be seen as part of an individual’s total village “profile”. While historians frequently analyze trespass along the lines of class conflict, this study highlights mobility, personal identity, and notions of space.

Abstract paper -c:
La relazione illusterà l’evoluzione del diritto e delle istituzioni di una regione degli Stati sabaudi, la Valle d’Aosta, che ha rappresentato un terreno di incontro/scontro privilegiato fra la cultura medievale del rispetto delle differenze giuridico-istituzionali a livello locale e quella, tipica dell’assolutismo moderno, dell’accentramento e della uniformazione territoriale. Da questo incontro di concezioni diverse dei rapporti centro-periferia ha avuto origine nel basso medioevo un sistema di governo caratterizzato da ampi margini di autonomia, che la Valle d’Aosta ha conservato lungo buona parte dell’età moderna e che è alla base dell’autonomia del quale la regione gode ancor oggi.