IMC 2004: Sessions

Session 206: Pope Celestine III, I: The Light of Experience

Monday 12 July 2004, 14.15-15.45

Organiser:John Doran, Department of History & Archaeology, University of Chester
Moderator/Chair:Frances Andrews, Department of Mediaeval History, University of St Andrews
Paper 206-aHyacinth: The Most Precious Flower of the 12th-Century Renaissance
(Language: English)
Anne J. Duggan, Department of History, King's College London
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Education, Learning (The Classical Inheritance)
Paper 206-bCelestine III and the Iberian Peninsula
(Language: English)
Damian Smith, Independent Scholar, Chelmsford
Index terms: Administration, Canon Law, Ecclesiastical History
Paper 206-cCelestine III and the Conversion of the Heathen on the Baltic Sea
(Language: English)
Barbara Bombi, Università di Padova
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Pagan Religions, Politics and Diplomacy

Celestine III became pope at an advanced age and his pontificate was relatively short. Historians have tended to concentrate on Alexander III and Innocent III, neglecting Celestine and his immediate predecessors. Yet the pontificate of Celestine III is worhty of serious study. These two linked sessions attempt to begin a reappraisal of Celestine, beginning witrh an emphasis on his long preparation for the papacy, studying at Paris and pursuing a glittering career as a cardinal for almost fifty years, gaining immense authority particularly in Spanish affairs. The experience which Celestine had gained in his long apprenticeship will be traced through the pontificate by investigating his policy in the city of Rome, relations with Emperor Henry VI, the promotion of Christian missions and the development of papal canonization policy.