IMC 2004: Sessions

Session 306: Pope Celestine III, II: Pastor and Politician

Monday 12 July 2004, 16.30-18.00

Organiser:John Doran, Department of History & Archaeology, University of Chester
Moderator/Chair:Susan Boynton, Department of Music, Columbia University
Paper 306-aIn the Cauldron: Celestine III, the Empire and Italy
(Language: English)
Brenda M. Bolton, University of London
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Politics and Diplomacy
Paper 306-bCelestine III and the City of Rome
(Language: English)
John Doran, Department of History & Archaeology, University of Chester
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Lay Piety, Liturgy, Politics and Diplomacy
Paper 306-cThe Canonisation Policy of Celestine III: Continuity and Change
(Language: English)
Michael Goodich, Department of History, University of Haifa
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Hagiography, Religious Life, Theology

Celestine III became pope at an advanced age and his pontificate was relatively short. Historians have tended to concentrate on Alexander III and Innocent III, neglecting Celestine and his immediate predecessors. Yet the pontificate of Celestine III is worhty of serious study. These two linked sessions attempt to begin a reappraisal of Celestine, beginning witrh an emphasis on his long preparation for the papacy, studying at Paris and pursuing a glittering career as a cardinal for almost fifty years, gaining immense authority particularly in Spanish affairs. The experience which Celestine had gained in his long apprenticeship will be traced through the pontificate by investigating his policy in the city of Rome, relations with Emperor Henry VI, the promotion of Christian missions and the development of papal canonization policy.