IMC 2004: Sessions

Session 804: Thinking and Writing about the First Crusade: Defining Heroes and Villains

Tuesday 13 July 2004, 16.30-18.00

Sponsor:Texas Medieval Association
Organiser:Sally N. Vaughn, Department of History, University of Houston, Texas
Moderator/Chair:Michael H. Gelting, Centre for Scandinavian Studies King's College University of Aberdeen 24 High Street OLD ABERDEEN AB24 3EB
Paper 804-aAnselm of Canterbury and the First Crusades
(Language: English)
Janus Møller Jensen, Department of History & Civilisation, University of Southern Denmark, Odense
Index terms: Crusades, Ecclesiastical History, Mentalities, Religious Life
Paper 804-bAnselm's Students Re-Interpreting the First Crusade
(Language: English)
Sally N. Vaughn, Department of History, University of Houston, Texas
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Mentalities, Political Thought, Religious Life
Paper 804-dDid Anselm Think that no Benedictine Monk Was to Go on Pilgrimage?
(Language: English)
Samu K. Niskanen, Department of History, University of Helsinki
Index terms: Crusades, Monasticism, Religious Life

This session will deal with these different approaches to the first crusade. The first will examine St. Anselm’s attitudes to the first crusade, in light of the crusade message as it reached England in 1096-99, seeing him as supportive of it. The second will examine the views of Anselm’s students Eadmer of Canterbury and Earhart of Nogent is expressed in Eadmer’s Gesta Dei per Francas and will argue that both expressed an implied new ways to view the crusade after the fact. The third paper will examine the perspectives of Raymond of Aguilers which we sharply different from those of other eye-witness chronicles, say two distinct and mutually approved crusading cultures, of the elites and the commoners, and … (rest illegible)