|Paper 1605-c||Schools and Learning in the Visigothic Kingdom of Toledo|
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Education, Learning (The Classical Inheritance), Liturgy, Literacy and Orality, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Monasticism, Teaching the Middle Ages
In the 7th Century Regnum Francorum, a number of specific careers in the environment of the Merovingian king show similar patterns. The pattern: courtiership, office at court, bishop – sometimes followed by a retreat into asceticism and by canonisation after death.
Examples: Arnulf of Metz, Amandus of “Maastricht”, Eligius of Noyon, Audoinus of Rouen. Maybe some women’s careers as well: e.g. queen Balthildis, abbess Gertrudis. The paper will go into these examples, look at the relationship with political thought, at the consequences for religious life and at the significance of lay piety in general – possibly offering some insights into the working of authority within the Regnum Francorum.
My paper is something which aims towards the fact that structure of the ‘Bischofsherrschaft’ in the merovingian era is made clear. I try to research ‘Tellotestament’, which was drawn up by Tello, the Bishop of Chur in 765. In this testament, the suffering dominant person of various status existing is recognised. From this information, we can elucidate a character of the ‘Bischofsherrschaft’.
Not very long after the fall of the Roman Empire the Iberian Peninsular experienced a cultural renaissance under the government of the Visigoths already converted to the Catholic Church. It is known as the Silver Age of the Spanish cultural history and gave individuals such as Isodore of Seville and Julian of Toledo. But these would not have been possible without the relatively complex net of monastic, cathedral and even municipal schools.