Session 618: Ages in Art
Tuesday 12 July 2005, 11.15-12.45
|Moderator/Chair:||Madeline H. Caviness, Department of Art & Art History, Tufts University, Massachusetts|
|Paper 618-a||Youth and Age in the Stone Sculpture of Scottish Dalriada|
Index terms: Archaeology - Artefacts, Art History - Sculpture, Ecclesiastical History
|Paper 618-b||Beardless Youths and Grizzled Geezers: Beards on 13th-Century Gothic Sculpture|
Index terms: Architecture - Religious, Art History - Sculpture, Hagiography, Social History
|Paper 618-d||Stages of Life Visualized in Russian Art: From Bartholemeus to St Sergius of Radonezh|
Index terms: Art History - Painting, Hagiography, Monasticism, Religious Life
Abstract Paper a) The stone sculpture of Scottish Dalriada is primarily ecclesiastical and includes such masterpieces as the high crosses of Iona and Islay. The figural sculpture on these monuments incorporates representations of various biblical family groupings, such as the Virgin and Child, Abraham and Isaac, and Cain and Abel. This paper examines the ways in which the youth or age of the figures is represented, and seeks to contextualise these representations in the world of Scottish Dalriada and its neighbours.
Paper b) In gothic sculpture, youth and age is indicated by absence or presence of beards. This is one of many rules on the usage of beards which everyone ‘knows.’ Does reality match this perception? Are there indeed rules with no known exceptions? Are there regional variations? Does sculpture follow fashion in facial hair? Does usage of beards depend on type of sculpture or its location? Major thirteenth century sculpture programs across Western Christendom are surveyed to establish the actual usage of beards. Analysis of several thousand individual sculptured heads and figures demonstrates what exists, and adds to what we ‘know.’
Paper c) The present paper aims to revise some concepts of modern-age art historians about the dating of sculptures based on the relation between the phase of professional development of a medieval artist, his presumed age, a work of art and its dating, and the age of a historical person represented by the artwork.
Paper d) In 1314 a Russian boy called Bartholemeus was born in Rostov the Great. He died in 1398 in Sergey Posad, in the Trinity monastery of which he was the founder. Although few facts about his life are known, his biographer, Epiphanius the Wise, revealed several telling episodes about his master’s youth and old age. After his canonization in 1449 scenes of his childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age have been visualised by many iconographers and artists. They serve as an inspirational example of spiritual development for the religious believer.