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IMC 2006: Sessions

Session 1309: Sending a Message: Communication in Unexpected Places

Wednesday 12 July 2006, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Marco Mostert, Onderzoekinstituut voor Geschiedenis en Kunstgeschiedenis, Universiteit Utrecht
Paper 1309-aPersonal and Political Rationales for Choosing which Jewels to Wear in the Courts of Late Medieval Northern Europe
(Language: English)
David Humphrey, Department of Goldsmithing, Silversmithing, Metalwork & Jewellery, Royal College of Art, London
Index terms: Art History - General, Art History - Decorative Arts, Mentalities
Paper 1309-bProverbs on Misericords
(Language: English)
Bastian Scherbeck, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Index terms: Art History - Sculpture, Literacy and Orality
Paper 1309-cGallows in Friesland before 1515: Signposts of Regional Sovereignty?
(Language: English)
Johannes A. Mol, Department of History, Fryske Akademy, Leeuwarden / Universiteit Leiden
Index terms: Administration, Law, Onomastics
Paper 1309-d'It is told of Rabbi Aqiba that he had a "City of Gold" made for his Wife' (Jerusalem Talmud, Shabbat, 6, 7d): A 'City of Gold' and 'Jerusalem of Gold'
(Language: English)
Tziona Grossmark, Faculty of Humanities & Social Studies, Tel Hai Academic College, Upper Galilee
Index terms: Daily Life, Hebrew and Jewish Studies

Abstract paper -a: Through the study of sources including inventories, paintings and sculpted and illuminated works it is possible to build an understanding of the emotional and responsive foundations on which patrons commissioned and chose to wear specific items of goldsmiths work. Why were certain combinations of stones chosen? Why were particular pieces chosen for wear on particular occasions? Why were certain pieces of jewellery clearly identified as favourites of an owner? This paper will address the identification of personal and political rationales for choice found at the French and Valois Burgundian courts up to the latter part of the 15th century.

Abstract paper -b: While proverbs and proverb collections have been studied thoroughly, there has not yet been a closer look on proverbs on misericords, which appear throughout Western Europe. This paper will be an abstract of my upcoming doctoral thesis.

Abstract paper -c: Politically speaking, Friesland constituted a special case in Western Europe as it was not subject to an overlord. It was divided into autonomous lands that were communally governed by an elite of petty noblemen and rich farmers. Their existence came to an end in 1500 when Duke Albrecht of Saxony succeeded in establishing a centrally organised principality here through military means. In this paper, I examine their jurisdictional power and its legitimisation by focusing on the gallows that they set up on their territories. This is done by gathering, identifying, and locating the place and fieldnames with the element gallows [galg] in them. This data, in combination with other source material, suggests that the main function of these ‘demonstration’ gallows or gibbets was to impress upon both inhabitants and visitors that order was rigorously maintained. This, in turn, leads to the conclusion that in the 14th and 15th centuries, the governments of these districts had at least the intention of keeping their autonomy and showing their capacity for carrying out justice.

Abstract paper -d: The tale of the magnificent jewel 'Jerusalem of Gold' that Rabbi Aqiba made for his wife is mentioned few times in rabbinical literature. 'Jerusalem of Gold', or 'City of Gold', was a real piece of jewelry. As will be shown in this paper, this expensive jewel was well-known during the period of the Mishna and barely known later in the Amoraic period.
The Talmudic texts that mention the jewel 'City of Gold/Jerusalem of Gold' will be examined using both the texts and iconographic evidence of goddesses adorned with mural crowns, in an attempt to identify this magnificent jewel, which not only aroused the jealousy of the wife of the Jewish patriarch, Rabban Gamaliel, but has also remained a symbol of great love, and no less a mark of great wealth, to the following generations.