IMC 2007: Sessions

Session 1114: Cities and Power in Castile and Aragon

Wednesday 11 July 2007, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chairs:Wendy R. Childs, Institute for Medieval Studies / School of History, University of Leeds
Hilary Macartney, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
Paper 1114-aSearching for a Centre of Gravity: The Viscounts of Cabrera and Hostalric in the 13th and 14th Centuries
(Language: English)
Alejandro Martínez Giralt, Centre de Recerca d'Història Rural, Universitat de Girona
Index terms: Archives and Sources, Genealogy and Prosopography, Local History, Political Thought
Paper 1114-cLordship and Towns in Late Medieval Castile: The 'Villas' of the 'Infante' Fernando of Antequera and Leonor of Alburquerque (1376-1435)
(Language: English)
Víctor Muñoz-Gómez, Instituto Universitario de Estudios Medievales y Renacentistas, Universidad de La Laguna
Index terms: Economics - Urban, Local History, Politics and Diplomacy, Social History
Abstract

Paper a: The plan of the monarchs of the Crown of Aragon to strengthen their power created serious tensions among the nobility as of the second half of the 12th century. The situation became temporarily stable thanks to the expansive policy of king James I (1213-1279), who used this to promote his boroughs and cities through the concession of privileges and liberties. The great Catalan lords reacted by developing parallel policies in their domains. A good example of this could be the case of the viscounts of Cabrera and their promotion of Hostalric’s borough as a political and/or economic centre for the viscounty.
Paper b: The theoretical production and the putting into practice of the medieval right in the Kingdom of Castile with relation to the crimes against the social reputation (fama) constitutes a fertile territory to know closely the relations between juridical regulation and values of the Castilian medieval society, as well as the role recovered by the public justice in the resolutions of conflicts in the bosom of urban society. The analysis of this topic is necessary to be approached from two different areas. On one hand, we analyze the laws about fama and infamia in the Kingdom of Castile during the Middle Ages. On the other hand, how courts were used to defend the reputation or to provoke the infamia of the defendants, and the way in which the courts become an area of the political struggle of the urban elites.
Paper c: Since Trastamara dynasty’s access to the Castilian throne before the Civil War (1366-1369), an important number of royal ‘villas’ (towns) became to domains of the nobility, mainly as the basis of high aristocracy’s lordships. That meant an expressive development of diverse policies to assure the spreading of seignorial system over urban centres provided with remarkable self-governing traditions. This paper tries an approaching to the knowledgement of those strategies from a very particular case: the great lordship of the ‘infante’ Fernando of Antequera and his wife, Leonor of Alburquerque, articulated in base of this kind of towns. To observe relationships between noble structures and local institutions shows us a rich dynamic sustained on the influence of the Monarchy’s administration model and the binomial ‘imposition of authority-negotiation’