Session 1506: Metropolis and New Towns in Bohemia
Thursday 12 July 2007, 09.00-10.30
|Moderator/Chair:||Kaspars Klavins, Faculty of Humanities, Daugavpils University, Latvia / School of Historical Studies, Faculty of Arts, Monash University, Victoria|
|Paper 1506-a||Prague's Decisive Years: The Formation of the Old Town and the Rearrangement of its Ecclesiastical Topography, 1230s to 1250s|
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Geography and Settlement Studies
|Paper 1506-b||Prague in the Jagiello Time: Transformation of a Medieval Metropolis|
Index terms: Architecture - General, Art History - General, Politics and Diplomacy, Religious Life
|Paper 1506-c||Town Planning and the Formation of Ethnic Space in Medieval Central Europe|
Index terms: Anthropology, Architecture - General, Art History - General, Social History
Abstract paper a: Within roughly twenty years, the Old Town of Prague faced significant changes in its social, political, economic and demographic structure. Its encirclement started in the 1230s and was accompanied by immense developments in the areas of population, juridical and political position, and economic power. To a certain extent, the Germanic settlers and particularly its well-off social strata functioned as a force and model in the constitution of the civitas. Within this process, the establishment of the Mendicant Orders and their affiliated female institutions paved the way for a reshaping of urban religiosity.
Abstract paper b: The paper will demonstrate the gradual change in architecture and city urbanism of the Towns of Prague in the late 15th and early 16th century. The introduction of new, ‘Renaissance’ forms and typology is related to the complex transformation of political and religious life of the self-governing town under royal administration.
Abstract paper c: During the 13th century many new towns were built ex nihilo in the kingdom of Bohemia at the command of local lords, bishops, and the king himself. These towns were organized spatially in a grid-like fashion, granted Magdeburg Law or similar codes, and populated by German-speaking settlers imported from the western Holy Roman Empire. This paper argues that the imbrication of orthogonal urban planning and transnational migration (misleadingly called ‘colonization’ in most older literature) lead to the development of ethnically marked urban spatial systems that persisted in the Czech Lands throughout the later Middle Ages.