Session 1528: Maths and Science in the Later Middle Ages
Thursday 12 July 2007, 09.00-10.30
|Moderator/Chair:||Thomas M. Izbicki, Eisenhower Library, Johns Hopkins University|
|Paper 1528-b||Medical Scholasticism in 13th Century: The Physician Petrus Hispanus|
Index terms: Medicine, Science, Social History
|Paper 1528-c||The Medieval Gaze at Grips with a Medieval World|
Index terms: Language and Literature - Middle English, Learning (The Classical Inheritance), Military History, Science
Paper b: Petrus Hispanus was one of the first medieval authors to introduce scholasticism in medical commentaries. This paper intends to analyse his intellectual trajectory from the Faculty of Arts in Paris to his medical teaching in the University of Siena around the middle of the 13th century. It also explores the notion of auctoritas which was the epistemological horizon of scholasticism. The commentaries present the diverse authorities of the past, philosophers or physicians, which provide a more detailed picture of his teaching practices and intellectual programme. The quaestiones in the classroom gave the opportunity to master Petrus Hispanus to dialogue with other texts in an articulate discourse. His medical commentaries show his ability to confront the different situations of medical practice from the perspective of a science based on authority interpreted by reason.