IMC 2007: Sessions

Session 1626: Biblical Exegesis and the vita activa in the Schools, 1200-1350

Thursday 12 July 2007, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Luciana Cuppo, Independent Scholar, Vicenza
Paper 1626-aThe Forgotten Commentary: Nicholas of Lyra's Postilla moralis on Deuteronomy
(Language: English)
Ari Geiger, Department of Jewish History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Index terms: Biblical Studies, Religious Life, Rhetoric, Theology
Paper 1626-bThe Decalogue as 'Speculum': The 13th-Century Introduction of the Ten Commandments as a Confessional Tool
(Language: English)
Jonathan Hall, University of Virginia
Index terms: Biblical Studies, Ecclesiastical History, Religious Life
Paper 1626-c'The Word of the Lord must be turned into deed': An Analysis of Stephen Langton's Commentary on the Song of Songs, Paris, nat. lat. 338
(Language: English)
Suzanne LaVere, Department of History, Northwestern University
Index terms: Biblical Studies, Education, Sermons and Preaching, Theology

Paper a: Franciscan scholar Nicholas of Lyra (1270-1349) is well known for his literal commentary (Postilla literalis) on the Bible. After finishing this treatise, Nicholas turned to write a moral commentary (Postilla moralis), which has been all but neglected by modern scholars. This lecture will discuss Nicholas’s moral commentary on Deuteronomy, focusing on the issues dealt with by the author, his intended audience and the rhetorical methods he used, some of which are characteristic of medieval preaching. To conclude, I will describe earlier sources from which Nicholas derived his interpretations, and his possible motives in writing the moral commentary.
Paper b: While the Ten Commandments have served as a foundational text for western Christians since the 16th century, they were first introduced into penitential practice (and thus catechesis) by reform-minded theologians in the first half of the 13th century. This paper explores the motivations and justifications for this new practice through an examination of the treatment of the Decalogue in confessional manuals, theological treatises, and ecclesiastical statutes. It discovers the catalyst in the convergence of a particularly English emphasis on the Ten Commandments with the practical-minded reform circle of Peter the Chanter in Paris.
Paper c: No abstract submitted.