IMC 2007: Sessions

Session 309: Eugenius III, III: The Crusades

Monday 9 July 2007, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Thomas F. Madden, Department of History, Saint Louis University, Missouri
Paper 309-aThe Crusading Network of Eugenius III
(Language: English)
Jonathan Phillips, Department of History, Royal Holloway, University of London
Index terms: Crusades, Ecclesiastical History
Paper 309-bEugenius III and the Northern Crusade
(Language: English)
Iben Fonnesberg-Schmidt, Department of History, Aalborg University
Index terms: Crusades, Ecclesiastical History
Paper 309-cEugenius III and the Second Crusade in Iberia
(Language: English)
William Purkis, Department of History, Queen Mary, University of London
Index terms: Crusades, Ecclesiastical History

Abstract a: This paper investigates the background to Eugenius III’s crusade encyclical Quantum praedecessores of 1 December 1145 and the process which resulted in the reissuing of this letter on 1 March 1146. It will suggest that the Pope’s circle of advisors at this time played a more influential role in determining the content of the encyclical than has hitherto been thought.
Abstract b: The paper discusses Eugenius III’s authorization and legitimization of the crusade against the Slavs, his perception of the peoples targeted by the campaign and his dealings with the princes and Churches of the North. The Second Crusade, of which the crusade against the Slavs was part, was envisioned as a three-pronged attack on the enemies of Christendom. This paper discusses how Eugenius saw the relation between the three campaigns.
Abstract c: This paper will explore the extent to which the preaching of the Second Crusade by Pope Eugenius III and Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux had an impact on the actions and ideas of those second crusaders who fought in the Iberian peninsula. In particular, it will highlight some of the differences between the spiritual ideals associated with those who campaigned in Iberia and those who set out for the Holy Land, and suggest why those differences may have arisen.