IMC 2008: Sessions

Session 1221: Visualising Nature in Medieval Manuscripts

Wednesday 9 July 2008, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Brenda M. Bolton, University of London
Paper 1221-aCompeting Forms: Diagrammatic and Ornamental Representations of Natural Things
(Language: English)
Kathrin Müller, Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, Max-Planck-Institut, Firenze
Index terms: Art History - Decorative Arts, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Science
Paper 1221-bThe Natural Image and the Imaginary in Seljuk and Ottoman Manuscript (Miniature)
(Language: English)
Osman Eravşar, Department of Medieval Archaeology, Selçuk University, Turkey
Index terms: Art History - Painting, Islamic and Arabic Studies, Manuscripts and Palaeography
Paper 1221-cNature, the Law, and the Medieval Illuminator: Picturing the Rules and Regulation of Natural Resources
(Language: English)
Susan L'Engle, Vatican Film Library, Saint Louis University, Missouri
Index terms: Art History - General, Daily Life, Law, Manuscripts and Palaeography

Paper -a:
In manuscripts from the High Middle Ages, diagrams visualizing knowledge about the natural world are often rich in ornament. In treatises on cosmology and astronomy, for instance, objects such as the structure of the cosmos, the movement of the stars, or the principles of the world’s formation are not solely conveyed by diagrams. Rather, the ornamentation within or in close proximity to the diagram contributes its own logic of order to the visual form. This paper discusses the interrelationship between these two modes of visualization focusing on the function and meaning of the ornamental representations.
Paper -b:
As generally Natural image and imaginary is different theme in medieval period Islamic culture. Sometimes natural imaginary is real. Sometimes it is unreal. Natural Imaginary is a phenomenon medieval time in Islamic culture. Origin of this phenomenon goes up to pre Islamic period. This phenomenon includes sometime natural environment and human lives. Sometimes they include mythical environment.
There are a lot of books with miniature In Seljuk and Ottoman period. The theme of these books are especially so as to oriental literature. For example legendary king Dhulqarneyn, (Alexander), Story of Prophets, (Qisas-I Enbiya). This kind of books has given environment of imaginary in mentality of artist (including classical natural philosophy)
Some books include real nature and environment. Main aim of this kind books are so as to flora and fauna of environment. They also gives human relation with Habitat and city and around.
In this presentation, reflection of nature in the Seljuk and Ottoman miniatures will be debated according to places of their usage.
Paper -c:
Nature and the natural environment are important themes in medieval customary, canon, and Roman law. Lawmakers defined what natural resources should be free to all, and which could be claimed as private property. Laws were created to regulate how land, crops, and animals could be utilized, cultivated, bought and sold, or bequeathed. In medieval legal manuscripts these questions are often given pictorial glosses, as narrative miniatures that summarize a legal theme, or marginal drawings that represent a word or a phrase. Discussions of hunting rights abound with deer and rabbits; crops being sown and harvested and goats milked illustrate the topics of usufruct and servitudes. Oxen gore each other and a runaway horse tramples a pedestrian to describe damages caused by quadrupeds. In this paper I will discuss the ingenious and often initially enigmatic images that artists utilized to convey visibly a law, a court ruling, or a case study dealing with the proper or improper use of the natural world and its resources.