IMC 2008: Sessions

Session 706: Musicology, III: Music and the Natural World

Tuesday 8 July 2008, 14.15-15.45

Sponsor:Cantus Planus Group, International Musicological Society
Moderator/Chair:Nils Holger Petersen, Centre for the Study of the Cultural Heritage of Medieval Rituals, Københavns Universitet
Paper 706-aMiracula aut mirabilia?: The Natural World in 13th-Century Liturgical Offices from the Low Countries
(Language: English)
Pieter Mannaerts, Onderzoekseenheid Archeologie, Kunstwetenschap en Musicologie, KU Leuven, KU Leuven
Index terms: Language and Literature - Dutch, Language and Literature - Latin, Liturgy, Music
Paper 706-cThe Liturgical Veneration of Irish Saints in Medieval Europe: Contexts and Practices in Historical Perspective
(Language: English)
Ann Buckley, Department of Music, National University of Ireland, Maynooth
Index terms: Computing in Medieval Studies, Hebrew and Jewish Studies, Liturgy, Music
Abstract

These sessions present new research by musicologists of the Cantus Planus research group of the International Musicological Society (IMS). The topics vary but are all concerned with monophony in medieval liturgy. Session III takes up the general theme of the IMC: the natural world.

Paper -a:
The first bestiary in the vernacular, Jacob of Maerlant’s Der Naturen Bloeme, survived in more than forty sources and illustrates the importance of a new, ‘Aristotelian-Albertian’ view on nature: the phenomena of nature were increasingly perceived as mirabilia rather than as miracula. The author of Maerlant’s model, Thomas of Cantimpré, also wrote several vitae. This paper investigates the extent to which the new conception of the natural world influenced the representation of the natural and the supernatural in new liturgical offices based on these and similar vitae, such as the office for Mary of Oignies and the related office of Corpus Christi (1246).
Paper -b:
L’objectif et la nouveauté de ce projet consistent à élargir une thématique, particulièrement bien traitée par les musicologues, à d’autres disciplines a priori éloignées, tant des sciences humaines et sociales que des sciences naturelles, dont les problématiques centrales touchent essentiellement aux notions de nature, de langage et de mémoire: quelle définition chaque champ disciplinaire donne au terme «chant», rapporté aux oiseaux? Quels sont les rapports entre le langage, la nature et le chant des oiseaux? Comment les hommes ont-ils exprimé par l’écrit, par la musique, par l’image, par les objets, leurs modes de représentations des oiseaux et de leurs chants, et à quelles fins?
Paper -c:
This paper represents a work-in-progress report on an international, interdisciplinary project based at NUI Maynooth. The project involves the creation of an online database of surviving materials for the liturgical veneration of Irish saints in medieval Europe. These chants, spoken prayers and readings from their uitae were used in Masses and Offices celebrated on their feastdays. In making these data widely available, it is hoped to contribute to comparative studies in the field by developing theoretical questions concerning patronage, identities, transmission and change in the social and political contexts of these cults over time and space.