IMC 2008: Sessions

Session 716: Concepts of Natural Theology

Tuesday 8 July 2008, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Luciana Cuppo, Università degli Studi di Trento
Paper 716-aSpeculum divinitatis: Exploring Nature to Reveal the Trinity in Medieval Art and Theology
(Language: English)
Gamble Madsen, Mt San Antonio College / Occidental College, California
Index terms: Art History - General, Theology
Paper 716-bCreation and Evolution in Medieval Biblical Interpretation
(Language: English)
Donna Ray, Department of History, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
Index terms: Biblical Studies, Theology
Paper 716-cCreation and Re-Creation: St Anselm on the Virgin Birth's Impact on the Universe
(Language: English)
Sally N. Vaughn, Department of History, University of Houston, Texas
Index terms: Monasticism, Philosophy, Sermons and Preaching, Theology
Abstract

Paper -a:
This presentation will address the medieval practice of analyzing Trinitarian dogma via the comparison of theological concepts to natural phenomena. An initial examination of Abelard’s Christian Theology will provide the intellectual foundation for this project, as it details instances in which the Trinity can be (partially) understood in association with certain natural elements. This intellectual project will then be expanded into the realm of art, with an analysis of the Trinity illustration included in Hildegard of Bingen’s Liber Scivias. The natural world will thus be seen as the inspiration for medieval creativity, as it reflected the essence and will of God.
Paper -b:
According to Romans 1:20, God’s eternal power and divine nature, though invisible, are seen through the ‘things he has made.’ A variety of natural theologies emerged in the Middle Ages depending on individuals’ perceptions—both spiritual and empirical—of the ways of God and nature. Biblical texts on the Creation, which both allowed for and limited divine and natural changeability, were foundational to these understandings. This paper explores some of the ways medieval minds interpreted both scripture and nature in order to fathom the character of God.
Paper -c:
This paper will look at Anselm’s meditations on the Incarnation as he expresses them in his three Prayers to the Virgin, wherein he posits that at the moment of Christ’s conception the Universe was recreated in a new and human-inclusive form. These meditations will then be reconciled with his more formal theological statements on the Creation and the nature of the universe in Cur Deus Homo and other of his works.