Studies of drama in Lincolnshire have historically focused mainly on cathedral drama at Lincoln and on civic and parish-sponsored religious drama and shows in several of the county’s important towns (mainly Boston, Grimsby, Lincoln, Louth, and Stamford). Stanley Kahrl and others have noted the professional troupes who visited Lincolnshire from elsewhere, but professional troupes who, with their patrons, lived within the county have received no systematic study. However, a number of Lincolnshire’s important families maintained troupes of players who performed both within Lincolnshire and throughout many parts of the kingdom between the 15th and 17th centuries. And a great deal of information survives for their study. The paper, based on a comprehensive collection of the surviving archival records presently accessible, describes all known resident troupes and their patrons; reconstructs their itineraries; explores their affiliations with other troupes; examines their composition and their repertoires to the extent possible; and offers observations as to the significance of their contributions. The paper argues that the study of this previously ignored part of the playing tradition in Lincolnshire offers useful and significant insights into the richly textured performance environment of that county and of the East Midlands as a region.
This paper deals with donations and the donors in Mount Athos during the Hesychast controversy. During this period (1336-1368), a great number of donors offered charities and donations to the monasteries of Mount Athos. Les Archives de l’Athos and other primary sources (Cantacuzenus, Gregoras etc.) give us information about these donors and the opportunity to understand better the motivation for their patronage. Questions such as the influence that these donations exercised in the monastic population of Athos, the role of donation to the development of Hesychasm, as well as the relation between these donors and the Hesychasts, until the establishment of the Hesychast doctrine as the doctrine of the Orthodoxy, constitute part of this paper.