IMC 2012: Sessions

Session 1532: Managing Resources: Water, Fish, and Money

Thursday 12 July 2012, 09.00-10.30

Moderator/Chair:José Antonio Jara Fuente, Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación y Humanidades, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Paper 1532-aBeginnings of Technical Supervision of Water Constructions within Bohemia
(Language: English)
Martina Maříková, Centre for the History & Culture of East Central Europe, Leipzig / Filozofická fakulta, Univerzita Karlova, Praha
Index terms: Administration, Economics - Urban, Law, Technology
Paper 1532-bThe Role of the General Chapters in Improving and Enforcing Accounting and Financial Controls in Benedictine Monasteries in England (1215-1444)
(Language: English)
Alisdair Dobie, Stirling Management School, University of Stirling
Index terms: Administration, Ecclesiastical History, Monasticism, Religious Life
Abstract

Paper -a:
The paper deals with the oldest office that was entitled with professional supervision of water constructions within Bohemia. The first conflicts amongst the users of water flows, i. E. Amongst the owners of mills and fishermen, began in the first half of the 13th century. However, an approripate situation for the foundation of a regulation office did not appear until the 1st half of the 14th century. The growing intensity of water transport within the kingdom as well as a large concentration of water mills in Prague could have perhaps been the decisive factor. Thus were the deputies of the Prague’s Old Town along with master millers authorized to control Prague’s weirs by John of Luxembourg and Charles IV in 1340. This was probably intended to be an isolated act, but it consequently led to the creation of a commonly respected office, whose authority covered most of the Bohemian territory. Besides controlling the mills and weirs it also had the knock on effect of bringing about an improvement concerning the navigability of Bohemian rivers.

Paper -b:
Benedictine general chapters issued a large amount of regulation to supplement the somewhat meagre provisions outlined in St Benedict’s Rule. This paper analyses the regulation which emerged in regard to the management of temporalities. It finds an increasing level of definition both in terms of the preparation and audit of accounts and in the wider control environment. Mechanisms to ensure the observance of general chapter statutes may be seen as an early attempt at quality control aimed at the maintenance of high standards in religious life.