IMC 2012: Sessions

Session 1608: Lords and Communities as Shapers of the Landscape

Thursday 12 July 2012, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Katherine Weikert, Department of Archaeology / Department of History, University of Winchester
Paper 1608-aA Joint Endeavour?: Negotiating Principles for Managing Arable and Pasture in Middle Anglo-Saxon England
(Language: English)
Susan Oosthuizen, Institute of Continuing Education, University of Cambridge
Index terms: Archaeology - General, Daily Life, Economics - Rural
Paper 1608-bThe Persistence of Medieval Boundaries in the Landscape of Central Italy
(Language: English)
Sabrina Pietrobono, School of Historical Studies, Newcastle University
Index terms: Archaeology - General, Archaeology - Sites, Archives and Sources, Geography and Settlement Studies
Paper 1608-cAfter Domesday: Title and Claims of the Church in Worcester
(Language: English)
Andrew Wareham, Department of Humanities, University of Roehampton, London
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Local History, Social History

Paper -a:
This paper argues that systems of management of common fields represented a negotiated solution which integrated lordly innovation and peasant tradition and left its traces in the Anglo-Saxon landscape. Innovative managerial approaches to agricultural efficiency were developed on middle Anglo-Saxon royal estates that required ‘dominant and/or high status lordship, large manorial holdings, a high proportion of customary tenants, (and) a unified community’ (Bailey 2010: 167). Traditional forms of governance, with their roots in collective approaches to the ownership and organization of arable and pasture over the preceding three millennia or more, were preserved in the definition of grazing on fallows and stubbles as a common property resource.

Paper -b:
Boundaries operate at both physical and anthropological levels: memory acts as main reference in the nature of disputes over their preservation throughout the centuries. Starting from the current landscape of the Latina Valley and the old Terra Sancti Benedicti (southern Lazio, Italy), specific medieval boundaries will be examined: they can be shown in documents from Montecassino and later maps that delineate them by particular landmarks e.g. churches, ditches, Roman roads, and other, now permanent part of the landscape. My aim is to prove the extraordinary longevity of those boundaries established in the Middle Ages, as fixed rules in the landscape affecting its physical development.

Paper -c:
Historians have recently argued that attempts to identify conditions in Domesday England on the basis of key sections of Worcestershire Domesday are compromised by the bishopric of Worcester’s assertive claims to lordship. Heming’s Codicellus possessionum has generally been viewed within this context: The text was intended to provide the basis for the recovery of particular properties. This paper takes a different approach. By looking at Heming’s Codicellus as a whole in relation to Domesday (Inquest and Book), this paper investigates the rules of engagement between networks of royal agents, monks and the followers of successive bishops of Worcester.