The rules, customs, and traditions played an important role in the formation and establishment of the state in early medieval England and ancient Russia. Legal practice which developed as a source of law and rules of conduct contributed to strengthening of state, and defended the state system, as well as the governor. Set at the state level, rules led to the legitimization and hierarchization of the current government. Social rules defined social structure, decision-making procedures and the most important characteristics of control over political processes. Conclusions of compared rules, customs and traditions of early medieval England and ancient Russia, will be presented at the conference.
King of Poland Casimir Jagiellon, as a result of the war (1454-1466) and with the support of the local gentry and burgesses, conquered a new territory which had been a significant part of the Teutonic Order lands in Prussia. The conquered territory known as Royal Prussia included the area of Gdańsk Pomerania, Chełmno Land, and Warmia. The subject of the presentation is going to be the relation between the Polish authority and the new subjects, with special attention to introducing new laws and rules, creating new offices on the pattern of the Polish ones and the conflict regarding the autonomy and staffing of formerly Teutonic and now royal castles (including the most important one – Malbork). The analysis will focus on new rules of economic freedom for towns (for example Gdańsk) and burgesses, as well as retaining the autonomy in Hanza.