The relationship between the two institutions forming the See is what I would like to address. In the late 13th century major conflicts emerged between the bishop and his chapter in two dioceses at the Norwegian mainland. These conflicts formed the further relationship between the two partakers. In my paper I will deal with the chapter’s own rights, how it collaborated with the bishop through giving its advice and consent, and show that even if the chapter was involved in a number of matters, still its functions in them were similar.
Vaucelles Abbey was established in the diocese of Cambrai in 1131. Its foundation was one aspect of the ongoing political struggle between Burchard, bishop of Cambrai (r. 1115-1131), and Hugh II d’Oisy (d. 1135), castellan of Cambrai and head of a seigneurial family with holdings stretching from Oisy to Crèvecoeur. Both the bishop and the castellan spent the early 12th century consolidating their power and fighting each other. In the 1120s Hugh constructed new fortifications at Crèvecoeur, and in 1131 he offered land specifically for the foundation of Vaucelles. This paper will address the political motivations for Hugh’s fortifications and the new abbey.
Grœnlendinga þáttr, although written in Iceland, is often considered unique in the saga corpus for its decidedly Greenlandic perspective. Central to the text, detailing a conflict between a recaltricant bishop, his followers, and several aggrieved Norwegian merchants, is the insistence of the Greenlanders that they act eftir grœnlenskum lögum (‘according to Greenlandic law’)— a symbolic move that establishes an independent Greenlandic identity in the face of Norwegian threats. Taking Grœnlendinga þáttr as its starting point, this paper will explore the connections between law and cultural identity in Norse Greenland, examining both how the law was employed, and its later literary embodiment.