IMC 2012: Sessions

Session 624: The Impact of Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication on the Emergence of Cultural Patterns

Tuesday 10 July 2012, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Penny Robinson, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
Paper 624-aSt Vincent Ferrer's 1418-1419 Sermons in Brittany: Faith, Perseverance, and the Last Judgment
(Language: English)
Claude Lucette Evans, Department of Language Studies, University of Toronto, Mississauga
Index terms: Language and Literature - Celtic, Language and Literature - Latin, Language and Literature - Spanish or Portuguese, Sermons and Preaching
Paper 624-bAntropología comparada de los patrones culturales laicos en Castilla, Florencia e Inglaterra (s. XIV-XV)
(Language: Español)
Francisco José Díaz Marcilla, Universidad de Sevilla
Index terms: Anthropology, Language and Literature - Comparative, Mentalities
Paper 624-cThe Rules of Rhetoric: Or, How the Ploughman Argued with Divine Law and Won
(Language: English)
Lisa Viktoria Kranzer, Department of English / Department of History, University of Birmingham
Index terms: Language and Literature - Comparative, Language and Literature - Middle English, Language and Literature - German, Rhetoric
Abstract

Paper -a:
Vincent Ferrer’s success and powerful legacy in Brittany, where he died and was buried, can seem surprising in the context of Breton religious history and cultural specificity. The texts of three Latin sermons given in Guérande, St Gildas-des-Bois and Rennes will be analyzed for clues to their appeal to Breton clerics. The possible reasons for the enthusiasm raised by Vincent Ferrer’s Valencian sermons to the common people, speakers of Gallo or other Middle French dialects and/or of Breton, a Celtic language, will be explored – for instance the part played by non-verbal communication as well as the resonance of Vincent Ferrer’s favorite themes of sin, death and the Last Judgment in Breton culture as exemplified in literature and art.

Paper -b:
El trabajo consiste en mostrar, desde una lectura que utilice los métodos y los conceptos antropológicos, la existencia de una serie de patrones culturales comunes en los tres ejemplos propuestos: el Cancionero de Baena de Castilla, el Certame Coronario de Florencia y los Canterbury Tales de G. Chaucer de Inglaterra.
El objetivo es doble: a nivel teórico, propugnar el uso de conceptos y métodos de otras ciencias sociales en Historia; y a nivel práctico, ejemplificar los frutos que se pueden sacar del uso de la antropología comparada a la hora de analizar la producción escrita de autores no vinculados a la Iglesia – laicos -, desentrañando su visión del mundo y la sociedad, así como el rol que se autoadjudican en cuanto literatos (se usa la doble faceta de ‘informantes’ y de ‘observados participantes’ en términos antropológicos).

Paper -c:
During the early reformation the image and character of the upright peasant defying a corrupt clergy was ubiquitous. Through the aid of rhetoric these literary plowmen figures dismantled the great edifices of divine law their clerical opponents haplessly thought to defend. This was based on medieval precedent. Works such as Langland’s Vision of Piers the Plowman or Tepl’s Ackermann aus Böhmen utilised the rules of rhetoric in order to subvert social hierarchy and clerical dominance. This paper will explore why these late medieval authors chose the plowman as the vehicle for expressing their subversive rhetoric and how rhetoric itself was used in order to create an alternative set of rules within a text, through which the rules outside of the text – the norms of society and Church could be challenged.