An entry in Leechbook III, a text appended to the two books that comprise Bald’s Leechbook, presents a variety of treatments ‘against all fiendish temptations’ and to cure one with diminished mental capacity. The association of these afflictions with each other and the types of cures recommended raise questions about the relationship between spiritual, mental, and bodily illness. Demonic afflictions are, predictably, treated with both physical and spiritual methods, but so is indigestion. This paper will investigate the ways that spiritual remedies are incorporated into Old English medical texts and consider the implications to the understanding of spiritual affliction in the Anglo-Saxon period.
This paper seeks to analyse the medieval Portuguese monastic medicine in the Middle Ages before and after the University’s foundation at 1290 by King D. Dinis. The sources corpus include Beneditine and Augustianian rules, Portuguese Liber ordinis or customaries of the monasteries of Sta Cruz de Coimbra and Sta Maria de Pombeiro, Santa Cruz’s books catalogue and conciliary legislation. There were two basic moments of monastic medicine: the 6th century with the Beneditine rule which had favoured the development of two spaces for the sick’s monks and poor’s care, e.g., infirmary and hospital. The second, in the 13th-century focused the medical scholasticism and the Church conciliar legislation attempts to forbide monks’ practica medica.