IMC 2013: Sessions

Session 710: Visions of Community, VI: Conflict and Competition

Tuesday 2 July 2013, 14.15-15.45

Sponsor:Sonderforschungsbereich 42 'Visions of Community: Comparative Approaches to Ethnicity, Region & Empire in Christianity, Islam & Buddhism, 400-1600', Universität Wien / Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien
Organiser:Rutger Kramer, Institut für Mittelalterforschung, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien
Moderator/Chair:Christina Lutter, Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, Universität Wien
Paper 710-aNegotiating Community: Narratives of Conflict in Late Medieval Vernacular Austrian Historiography
(Language: English)
Maria Mair, Institut für Geschichte, Universität Wien
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Language and Literature - German, Mentalities, Religious Life
Paper 710-bSocial Conflict in Rural Communities in the Southern Dalmatian Areas of Korčula and Split, 1420-1540
(Language: English)
Fabian Kümmeler, Sonderforschungsbereich Project 'Visions of Community' / Institut für Osteuropäische Geschichte, Universität Wien
Index terms: Daily Life, Economics - Rural, Local History, Social History
Paper 710-cThe Divisive Formation and Contentious Competition of Tribal Groups in the Highlands of South Arabia during the Early Medieval Period
(Language: English)
Daniel Mahoney, Institut für Kultur- und Sozialanthropologie, Universität Wien / Department of Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations, University of Chicago
Index terms: Anthropology, Islamic and Arabic Studies, Mentalities, Social History

By approaching conflict as a social practice that helps shape communities, the groups involved and their motivations may be interpreted as reflecting a wider picture of political competition in a specific historical context. Using comparative examples from both medieval Europe and Asia, this session will explore the ways social conflict appears explicitly and implicitly in a variety of media such as historiographical narratives, court records, wall paintings, and even geographical descriptions. Additionally, it will demonstrate how these accounts of conflict may be used to indicate the social tensions of both the original context of the conflict itself and the period when it was recorded or retold.
To that end, Maria Mair will look at how authors of Austrian vernacular verse chronicles in the late 13th century used conflict narratives to establish and reinforce the political position of their own social groups and to discuss concepts of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ community. Fabian Kümmeler will then examine the role of conflicts in the everyday life of rural communities in late medieval Dalmatia on the basis of court records using pastoral nomads acting in confrontation with their urban, patrician, and rural counterparts as an example. Finally, Daniel Mahoney will look at the political competition and conflict within the tribal community of highland South Arabia as manifested in the genealogies, geographies, and anecdotes found in texts of the early medieval period.