According to Picard customary law, marriage created a unitary conjugal fund. Women were not passive agents but had the right to supervise the administration of the financial means they provided, as established in the marriage contract. But as the law was put in writing at the end of the Middle Ages, a reform led to a transition from an ‘egalitarian system’ to a ‘lineal’ regime which gave men firmer control of marital property. Here I analyze the example of Picardy, which is quite different from the example of Douai studied by Robert Jacob and Martha Howell. Roman law always influenced Picardy, and women’s rights were never as extensive as those of the Douaisiens. This paper will examine the reformation in marriage practices, providing a more nuanced picture of its consequences for women.
This paper will address the prayers in the Old English Daniel poem, seeking to understand how the prayers fit with our understanding of monastic prayer around the time of the Benedictine Reform. I will evaluate the relationship of the poem and its manuscript context to the Benedictine Reform and discuss how the poet explores the themes of national repentance and intercession on behalf of the King. I will discuss these issues in light of the broader concerns of the Benedictine Reform and the culture of prayer in the 10th century.