IMC 2015: Sessions

Session 115: Reforms or Renewals?: Approaches to Change in Medieval Monasticism, I

Monday 6 July 2015, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Jörg Sonntag, Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig / Technische Universität, Dresden
Paper 115-aLa réforme monastique du Xe siècle vue de Saint-Géraud d'Aurillac (Cantal, France)
(Language: Français)
Sébastien Fray, Centre d'Histoire Espaces et Cultures, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand II
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Language and Literature - Latin, Monasticism, Religious Life
Paper 115-bThe Renewal of the Church with Military Orders in Bologna, Italy: Templars, Knights of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Cross-Bearers
(Language: English)
Giampiero Bagni, School of Arts & Humanities, Nottingham Trent University
Index terms: Crusades, Military History, Religious Life
Paper 115-cBeing 'Fit to Preach': The Disappearance of Disability in Monastic Reform Movements
(Language: English)
Irina Metzler, Centre for Medieval & Early Modern Research (MEMO), Swansea University / Projekt 'Homo Debilis', Universität Bremen
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Mentalities, Monasticism, Social History
Abstract

Paper -a:
Odon de Cluny a été abbé d’Aurillac dans la décennie 930, d’où la construction d’un récit historique traditionnel de réforme d’Aurillac par Cluny. Or, l’examen des sources suggère une réalité bien plus complexe: l’arrivée d’Odon à Aurillac relève de l’arrachement du monastère à la parenté du fondateur et du basculement d’un réseau monastique à un autre. De plus, l’étude approfondie d’un certain nombre de documents contemporains permet d’affirmer que l’action réformatrice d’Odon au Sud de la Loire s’est appuyée sur Saint-Géraud comme relais: à Chanteuges comme à Saint-Pons-de-Thomières, c’est d’Aurillac que viennent les moines sur lesquels s’appuie Odon. Après le décès de ce dernier, on assiste en revanche à un repli de l’abbaye d’Aurillac sur ses enjeux locaux, temporels et monumentaux.

Paper -b:
This research studies the Templar house of Bologna and all its possible connections with other Military Orders during the 13th century. In particular this paper focuses on the contemporary presence and the connections between the Knights Templar, that host in Bologna one of their main characters, Peter from Bologna, the Knights of the Holy Virgin Mary, a military Order born in Bologna, and the Cross-Bearers (Crucifers), that had their main house also in Bologna.

Paper -c:
The mendicant orders and their idea of being ‘fit to preach’ (A. Montford) contrast with their perception of the slovenly, lax, and all too liberal established monastic orders. The problem of disabled monks in monasteries (Ulrich of Zelle and his image of oblates like members of a freak show) of the old style were contrasted with the reformist zeal of the new orders. As reformers, they have to set an example, and one of the things they focus on is a far stricter interpretation of the concept of sacerdotal idoneity, especially since the friars, as preachers, have to be ordained priests, whereas the majority of the Benedictine or any other cloistered, older monastics are simply regular clergy who have taken vows (chastity, obedience etc.) but not holy orders. Thus physical impairments become disabilities in the modern sense, of discriminating against membership of the mendicant orders.