Session 220: Collective and Individual Renewals in Secular Contexts, I
Monday 6 July 2015, 14.15-15.45
|Moderator/Chair:||Irina Metzler, Centre for Medieval & Early Modern Research (MEMO), Swansea University / Projekt 'Homo Debilis', Universität Bremen|
|Paper 220-a||Children of the Lombards: Exploring Individual and Social Renewals in Early Medieval Italy|
Index terms: Archaeology - General, Social History
|Paper 220-b||The Conversion of the Visigoths in Light of Visigothic-Frankish Alliances|
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Politics and Diplomacy
|Paper 220-c||A Reformation in Japan: From The Book of the Sword|
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Language and Literature - Other, Philosophy, Political Thought
Jien (1155-1225), the highest-ranking Buddhist priest of the time, faced with absolutely impossible realities, tries to find reasons for the great change related to the loss of the sword in his historical essay, Gukanshō [A Selection of the Opinions of a Fool]. He thought that until the reign of Emperor Takakura (1161-1181), father of Emperor Antoku, the sacred sword had protected all the successive emperors, only to be lost with the fall of the Heike Clan. He then comes to the conclusion that the loss is symbolic of the transition from the old regime to a new one, in which the Samurai warriors come to protect an emperor with their actual swords in the wars and battles. Jien considers the loss of the sacred sword as the historical cause of this transition.
In this paper, the historical fact of the birth of the Samurai government, a major reformation, is studied, connecting the loss of the imperial regalia with Jien’s historical viewpoint by taking The Tale of the Heike and The Book of the Sword into consideration.