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IMC 2015: Sessions

Session 227: Reforming Architecture: The Architecture of Reform

Monday 6 July 2015, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Felicitas Schmieder, Historisches Institut, FernUniversität Hagen
Paper 227-aRivals for Reform: Hagiography, Architecture, and Liturgy in Medieval Lucca
(Language: English)
Benjamin Brand, College of Music, University of North Texas
Index terms: Architecture - Religious, Ecclesiastical History, Hagiography, Liturgy
Paper 227-bGeoffroy du Loroux, Archbishop of Bordeaux, 1136-1158, and His Role in Religious Architecture in Aquitaine during the Gregorian Reform
(Language: English)
Juliette Masson, Institut de Recherche sur L’Antiquité et le Moyen Âge (AUSONIUS – UMR 5607), Université Michel de Montaigne Bordeaux 3
Index terms: Archaeology - Sites, Architecture - Religious, Monasticism
Paper 227-cSamos Abbey during the 16th Century: The Reasons and Consequences of Reform on Its Medieval Architecture
(Language: English)
Estefanía López Salas, Departamento de Composición, Universidade da Coruña
Index terms: Architecture - General, Architecture - Religious, Archives and Sources, Art History - General

Paper -a:
The case of medieval Lucca reveals the manifold ways in which religious communities coordinated hagiography, architecture, and liturgy in order to establish themselves as exemplars of ecclesiastical reform. In the 11th and 12th centuries, the canons of two churches, San Frediano and San Pietro Maggiore, claimed privileged relationships with monastic and papal reformers. They did so, this paper reveals, through themes and iconography encoded into new vitae and shrines for their local patron saints, Fridian and Senesius. The canons of the cathedral countered such claims by reserving for themselves the celebration of stational masses at the shrines of these saints. Hence rival churches articulated competing visions of religious reform through a dense web of literary, architectural, and liturgical media.

Paper -b:
As a great artisan of the Gregorian reform in Aquitaine, the action of Geoffroy du Loroux is well surrounded through his collection of sermons. According to the present study, it turns out that the foundations related to Geoffroy du Loroux adopt a stereotypical and ostensibly austere architectural party. The archbishop appears as a prelate who intended to leave to his successors models to convey the message of the Gregorian reform, both through his sermons and its foundations of canons regular. The latter had to be representative of the great humility and return to the rigour advocated by the reform, which could account for the slowdown of the implementation of Cluny in the region of Bordeaux.

Paper -c:
During the second half of the 15th century, the Catholic kings favoured a reform of the religious orders in Spain, with the aim of bringing to an end the spiritual and material declining period that the most of monasteries were suffering. Taking as an example the case of Samos Abbey, in this paper we will examine what steps were given to make possible the reform, what motives caused the changes and, above all, what consequences they produced in the medieval spaces. With this approach, we seek to determine in which measure the new rules established to reform the spiritual life, had also an influence on the transformation and definition of a new monastic architectural complex from the existing one.