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IMC 2015: Sessions

Session 230: Reforming Medieval Liturgies

Monday 6 July 2015, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Sarah M. Hamilton, Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Exeter
Paper 230-aLiturgical Prayers for Rulers in the Roman Canon of the Mass: Origins of an Overlooked Tradition and Its Consequences for Medieval Political Theology during Reforms of the Church
(Language: English)
Paweł Figurski, Instytut Historyczny, Uniwersytet Warszawski
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Liturgy, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Political Thought
Paper 230-bCoding and Decoding Ritual Texts in the Benedictine Reform: The Case of the Vitellius Psalter
(Language: English)
Ciaran Arthur, Centre for Medieval & Early Modern Studies, University of Kent
Index terms: Language and Literature - Old English, Liturgy, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Monasticism
Paper 230-cThe Continuation and Renewal of Litanic Verse in Middle English Lyrics
(Language: English)
Anna Czarnowus, Faculty of Philology, University of Silesia, Katowice
Index terms: Language and Literature - Comparative, Language and Literature - Middle English, Religious Life

Paper -a:
Charles the Bald commenced a new liturgical tradition in medieval Latin Christianity by ordering the addition of the title of 'king' to the Roman canon of mass in the Sacramentary of Metz (Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS Latin 1141). In the 9th century the presence of oration for rulers during in primis was exceptional in liturgical books for mass whereas in the 13th century its absence was unusual. The proposed paper, based on analysis of over 400 liturgical manuscripts, surveys the history of the expansion of the aforementioned prayer. It examines the consequences of this new tradition for ecclesial and political life as well as the surprising response to such innovation by the Gregorian reformers.

Paper -b:
The prefatory material of the Vitellius Psalter is a collection of computus, prognostics, agricultural rituals, and extracts on secret writing. These texts are often removed from their manuscript context for editions in different fields of study. In particular, the series of rituals has been plundered for their inclusion of 'charms', though editors have been in disagreement over which texts fit this category. My paper will explore how the manuscript context of these rituals redefines them as liturgical texts and diagrams that decode the secret, divine language that sustains the cosmos.

Paper -c:
Litanic verse is a category very likely broader than litany itself. In Old English literature the effect of litanic quality stemmed not only from the influence of litanies, but also from oral-formulaic diction, Latin folk poetry, and even the influence of rhetoric on texts. In Middle English lyrics the tradition is continued, but with a difference in the form of continental tradition introducing innovation into the corpus of litanic texts. An adequate example could be Les joies de Notre Dame that stems from litanies. In Middle English litanic lyrics innovation consists in poetry relying on other models than those adopted by Old English litanic verse.