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IMC 2015: Sessions

Session 323: Reforming Secular Lordship

Monday 6 July 2015, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Marie Thérèse Champagne, Department of History, University of West Florida
Paper 323-aThe Reform of the Political System of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Years 1374-1505 against a Background of Eastern and Central Europe: The Establishment of the System of Noble Democracy by Means of Nobles' Privileges
(Language: English)
Jakub Aleksander Struck, Wydział Prawa i Administracji, Uniwersytet Gdański
Paulina Sasal, Wydział Prawa i Administracji, Uniwersytet Gdański
Maciej Greszta, Department of Law & Administration, Uniwersytet Gdański
Index terms: Administration, Law, Political Thought, Politics and Diplomacy
Paper 323-bFuneral Ritual and the Renewal of Valois Burgundian Power
(Language: English)
Andy Murray, Department of History of Art, University College London
Index terms: Anthropology, Political Thought

Paper -a:
The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the establishment of a unique political system - the noble democracy, that existed in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the 15th and 16th centuries. The analysis is conducted against a background of other countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The foundations of this system were stipulated by noble's privileges - legal acts that limited the power of a monarch and that at the same time empowered the nobility. Such reforms commenced in 1374, when the first nationwide privilege was given by Louis I of Hungary in exchange for accepting his daughter's right to the Polish throne. However, the most important enactment was Nihil novi sine communi consensu Constitution from 1505 in accordance with which the king was not allowed to legislate without nobility's consent. This way of renewal is the main subject set forth by this article.

Paper -b:
At the death of a Duke the renewal of Valois Burgundian required large funeral ceremonies. However, the funerals of the two earlier Dukes seem to very distinct from that of Philip the Good (d. 1467). Whereas the former involved the participation of many towns and gave greater emphasis to mourning procession, the latter centred on one town (Bruges) and accentuated displays of ducal power. My paper shows not just how the greater centralisation of Ducal power during the 15th-century conditioned Philip the Good's funeral, but also how the more negotiated Ducal powers of the earlier Burgundian Dukes conditioned theirs.