This presentation will address the theme of spiritual renewal in relation to select Psalms illustrated with images of the resurrected Christ, created between the 13th and 14th centuries. As the reader internalized the concepts of mercy and justice articulated in these particular hymns, he/she was able to simultaneously recognize the image of the resurrected Christ as the focus of salvation. These illustrations thereby participate in the emerging popularization of the Psalter while also reflecting contemporary exegesis that celebrated the ‘Lord’ of David as the Trinitarian Godhead which included the dual-natured Person of the Son, Jesus Christ.
The development of hesychastic spirituality in Romanian provinces in the 14th century is related to the influence of the monastic centres of Paroria, established by Saint Gregory of Sinai (d. 1346), and Kelifarevo, founded by Saint Theodosius of Tarnovo (d. 1363). Moreover, impulses of monastic renewal came in Wallachia through the Romanian monks who went to Cutlumuș Monastery (Mount Athos), and through Saint Nicodemus (d. 1406), founder of several monasteries with cenobitic organization. The circulation of hesychastic writings had a great impact on monasticism in Wallachia and Moldavia, proved by the widespread existence of a certain monastic type called sihastru in the 15th century.