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IMC 2015: Sessions

Session 835: Military Orders and Materiality

Tuesday 7 July 2015, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Joanna Phillips, School of Law, University of Leeds
Paper 835-aThe Crusader Hospital of St John in Jerusalem: New Excavations and Ideas
(Language: English)
Ilya Berkovich, Institut für Geschichte, Universität Wien
Index terms: Archaeology - Sites, Crusades, Medicine, Military History
Paper 835-bFaith and Political Strategy: Artistic Donations for St Mary's Church in Gdańsk during the Reign of the Teutonic Order
(Language: English)
Weronika Grochowska, Instytut Historii Sztuki, Uniwersytet Gdański / National Museum, Gdańsk
Index terms: Art History - General, Art History - Painting, Religious Life, Social History
Paper 835-cSwords and Crucifixes: Function and Duties of the Order of St John in Fribourg (Switzerland) in the Mirror of Late Medieval Inventories
(Language: English)
Chantal Camenisch, Abteilung für Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Umweltgeschichte, Universität Bern
Index terms: Crusades, Ecclesiastical History, Local History, Military History

Paper -a:
This paper aims to reassess some of the established views on the location, patient capacity, and the internal layout of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem - the first and most famous public hospital of the Knights Hospitaller. The discussion will be informed by contemporary eyewitness accounts, surviving administrative regulations of the hospital and the results of the recent archaeological excavations undertaken inside the former Hospitaller compound in the Old City of Jerusalem in spring 2013.

Paper -b:
The paper will attempt to present different artistic donations for private chapels in St Mary's Church in Gdańsk during the reign of the Teutonic Order. Reasons of every donation were very complex and the historical and political background of that kind of activity of wealthy burghers, confraternities, or guilds will be taken into the consideration in every particular example.

Paper -c:
During the late Middle Ages, a dense network of commandries of the Order of St John were spread all over Europe. In Fribourg, the commandry was founded in about 1224. This paper aims to trace the function and duties the Knights Hospitaller carried out in the town of Fribourg and elsewhere in regard to the order, such as the care for pilgrims and the sick, the military defence of the faith, and the pastoral care. For this purpose, charters and especially two inventories from 1480 and 1515 listing all the furniture and movable belongings of the commandry have been analysed.