IMC 2017: Sessions

Session 1608: Crusading, Identity, and Otherness, II: Pagans in Europe

Thursday 6 July 2017, 11.15-12.45

Sponsor:Northern Network for the Study of the Crusades
Organisers:Kathryn Hurlock, Department of History- Politics and Philosophy- Manchester Metropolitan University
Jason T. Roche, Department of History, Politics & Philosophy, Manchester Metropolitan University
Moderator/Chair:Kathryn Hurlock, Department of History- Politics and Philosophy- Manchester Metropolitan University
Paper 1608-aCrusading Legislation for Natives in Livonia?
(Language: English)
Anti Selart, Institute of History & Archaeology, University of Tartu
Index terms: Crusades, Pagan Religions
Paper 1608-bClerical Violence in the 13th-Century Crusading Chronicles of Livonia
(Language: English)
Antti Hannunen, Trivium - Tampere Centre for Classical, Medieval & Early Modern Studies, University of Tampere
Index terms: Crusades, Historiography - Medieval, Pagan Religions, Rhetoric
Abstract

In the second of a series of linked sessions on the interrelated themes of crusading, identity, and otherness, Anti Selart examines the so-called ‘Livonian peasants’ laws’ from the perspective of the defeated pagan Livonians rather than the conquering Christian ‘Germans’. The paper uncovers the legal codes’ potential for understanding the processes of compromise between the ‘old’ and ‘new’ inhabitants of 13th-century Livonia. Antii Hannnunen presents examples of priests and monks breaking the canon law forbidding clerical violence which are found in the narrative sources for the Livonian crusades. The paper discusses why this law was readily ignored, while shedding light on contemporary attitudes to clerical violence in medieval Livonia.