IMC 2017: Sessions

Session 1735: Spheres of Influence?: Intersections of Secular and Religious Authority

Thursday 6 July 2017, 14.15-15.45

Moderator/Chair:Paulette Barton, Department of Modern Languages & Classics / Department of History, University of Maine
Paper 1735-aThe Role of Petrine Heritage in the Wars between Pisa and Lucca
(Language: English)
Carol Anderson, Department of History, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Hagiography, Politics and Diplomacy
Paper 1735-bGod's VIPs: Lay Participation in the Ecclesiastical Communities of 11th-Century France
(Language: English)
Niall Ó Súilleabháin, Department of History, Trinity College Dublin
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Lay Piety, Monasticism, Social History
Paper 1735-cThe Other Side of Douro River: An Analysis of the Nobility of the 13th Century
(Language: English)
Rui Miguel Rocha, Faculdade de Letras, Universidade do Porto
Index terms: Local History, Social History
Abstract

Paper -a:
During the recurring wars between Pisa and Lucca in the 13th and 14th centuries, each city-state sought to define itself as more magnificent than its neighbouring rival by establishing a tradition of an historical connection of their diocesan territory to Peter the Apostle. The Pisans claimed that Peter had visited their diocese and established the church of San Piero a Grado, while the Lucchese discovered the body of Saint Paulinus, Lucca’s first bishop and a disciple of Peter sent to convert the city. Both cities aimed to use their Petrine legacy to distinguish themselves. The similarity of their claims reveals a shared belief that ties to the early Christian church played a key role in contemporary political disputes.

Paper -b:
The phenomenon of ecclesiastical fraternitas or societas has long been known to scholars but is only marginally present in the historiography of the central Middle Ages. This paper intends to examine fraternitas and societas in 11th-century churches, and will focus in particular on the granting of this ill-defined privilege to lay patrons. Through a series of sample cases drawn from institutions from a broad swath of Central France, from Southern Burgundy to Northern Aquitaine, this paper will explore how lay aristocrats used these grants to establish and maintain prestigious and conspicuous links with the church, while reformers sought increasingly to exclude them through a more rigid lay/clerical divide.

Paper -c:
This brief study has, as its main objective, the analysis of the presence of the nobility on the south river banks of Douro, where traditionally, historians have agreed that it is best characterized by its municipal structures. Nevertheless, we strongly believe that this assertion is result to an overall wrong generalization. We intend to demonstrate, based on three vectors (Parish patronage; the concentration of nobles’ properties; and the ‘privileged land’ phenomena proliferation), during King Afonso III of Portugal reign, that in fact, the other side of Douro river, is a continuation of the northern and old reality, rather than the transition to a new one.