Basing on the sources with reference to the writers’ views of the nature and the status of the Roman Empire, we attempt to shed new light on the debate about Charlemagne’s imperial coronation. Some of Charlemagne’s advisers regarded the new empire as a revival of the western part of the ancient Roman Empire, which disappeared in c. 476, while others tended to think of it as a transfer of the power of the Roman Empire from Constantinople.
The biographies of the Yuanshi (History of the Yuan Dynasty), compiled 1368-70, present a large selection of model lives as records of Mongol-era East Asia. These vivid narratives provide both records of Chinggisid rule and meditations on virtuous conduct, contrasting idealised subjects against secondary characters portrayed at best neutrally and often in terms of transgression and condemnation. Comparing these biographies against related funerary inscriptions and the cut-and-paste 1329 biographical collection Guochao mingchen shilüe reveals the mechanisms of this textual othering (and vivid storytelling) and offers insights into the art of condemnation and distancing as practiced in the Sinophone historiographical bureaucracy.
Our study is based on the figure of D. Afonso I, Duke of Bragança, born in the 14th century. The aim of this article is to analyse a character of Portugal’s history that doesn’t belong to the ‘Ínclita Geração’ but that tried to claim a main role in the Portuguese court of the 15th century. This is the ‘other’ son of John I, and despite being illegitimate, he would not fail to participate actively in key points of the kingdom. Throughout these pages, we will describe the life of the Duke, evaluating the most important moments of his political life.