Session 342: 'New' Tolkien: Expanding the Canon
Monday 3 July 2017, 16.30-18.00
|Organiser:||Dimitra Fimi, Department of Humanities, Cardiff Metropolitan University|
|Moderator/Chair:||Dimitra Fimi, Department of Humanities, Cardiff Metropolitan University|
|Paper 342-a||Mirkwood as Otherness: 'New' Tolkien and the Liminal Forest|
Index terms: Language and Literature - Middle English, Language and Literature - French or Occitan, Language and Literature - Scandinavian, Medievalism and Antiquarianism
|Paper 342-b||Magic, Matrimony, and the Moon: Medieval Lunar Symbolism in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun and The Fall of Arthur|
Index terms: Language and Literature - Middle English, Language and Literature - French or Occitan, Medievalism and Antiquarianism
|Paper 342-c||A Secret Vice, the 1930s, and the Growth of Tolkien's 'Tree of Tongues'|
Index terms: Language and Literature - Comparative, Medievalism and Antiquarianism
This session will focus on ‘new’ works by J. R. R. Tolkien: creative works published posthumously during the last few years. Participants will examine all or a selection of the following works: The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún (2009), The Fall of Arthur (2013), The Story of Kullervo (2015), A Secret Vice (2016) and The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun (2017, forthcoming). Brad Eden will focus on Tolkien’s use of the liminal forest in terms of setting, language and characterization. Kristine Larsen will concentrate on medieval lunar symbolism in the representation of female characters, and Andrew Higgins will explore the use of the Indo-European model and Tolkien’s expertise in philology in the development of Tolkien’s invented languages.
Eden – Mirkwood as otherness: ‘New’ Tolkien and the liminal forest
Larsen – Magic, Matrimony, and the Moon: Medieval Lunar Symbolism in J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun and The Fall of Arthur
Higgins – ‘A Secret Vice’, the 1930’s and the growth of Tolkien’s ‘Tree of Tongues’
I will explore how Tolkien’s development of this ‘Tree of Tongues’ drew upon his training and experience as both a philologist and medievalist and mythically reimagined the real-world attempt by 19th-century philologists to reconstruct a similar type of structure for Indo-European languages suggesting it too had a common origin in a reconstructed ‘proto-Indo European’ language.
I will also explore how this ‘Tree’ fulfilled the requirement Tolkien explored in A Secret Vice that art-langs should have a fictional historical background including a sense of hypothetical change over time by analyzing several key texts from the 1930’s including The Lhammas (The Account of the Tongues) and The Etymologies. These texts show how Tolkien expanded his system of Elvish languages in parallel with the development of the narrative of the Elves depicted in the The Quenta and the earliest Annals of Beleriand.