IMC 2017: Sessions

Session 533: Religious Authority, I: Reforming the Sacred

Tuesday 4 July 2017, 09.00-10.30

Organiser:Maroula Perisanidi, Classics, Ancient History & Archaeology, University of Nottingham
Moderator/Chair:Jonathan Jarrett, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
Paper 533-aAccessorising Holiness: Distinguishing Religious Authority through Belts in Late Antiquity
(Language: English)
Nikki Rollason, Department of Classics, University of Nottingham
Index terms: Monasticism, Religious Life
Paper 533-bClerical Celibacy and Clerical Reform, 800-1100
(Language: English)
David Barritt, Faculty of History, University of Oxford
Index terms: Ecclesiastical History, Sexuality
Paper 533-cHow Clerics Became 'Other' in the 11th and 12th Centuries: Tonsure and Ordination, 1000-1200
(Language: English)
Julia Steuart Barrow, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
Index terms: Canon Law, Charters and Diplomatics, Ecclesiastical History, Hagiography

This panel examines to what extent religious men were clearly separated from the laity by focusing on efforts to reform the former’s appearance and morality. The first paper looks at late-antique monks and their use of belts as sartorial indicators of spiritual status. It suggests that monastic communes provided a kind of ‘uniform’ which separated monks and laity in both clothing and behaviour. The second paper examines moral reforms and in particular the issue of clerical marriage in the pre-Gregorian period. It questions whether clerical sexuality was already a dividing factor for Western clerics and their flocks. The third paper discusses tonsure and ordination as markers of clerical authority in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. It asks why their social and religious significance was downplayed despite ordination becoming recognised as a sacrament in this period.