IMC 2017: Sessions

Session 611: Beyond the Text?: Other Ways of Reading

Tuesday 4 July 2017, 11.15-12.45

Moderator/Chair:Irene A. O'Daly, Huygens Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen (ING - KNAW), Amsterdam
Paper 611-aGarnish, Appetizer, or Main Course: The Paratext in Vincent of Beauvais's Speculum Maius
(Language: English)
Maura K. Lafferty, Department of History, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Performance Arts - Drama
Paper 611-bIlluminations as the 'Other' Text of the Apocalypse
(Language: English)
Johanna Scheel, Kunstgeschichtliches Institut, Philipps-Universität Marburg
Index terms: Art History - Painting, Manuscripts and Palaeography, Theology
Paper 611-cAt One Time or Another: Temporalities of the Nuremberg Chronicle and the Notion of Other Times
(Language: English)
Paul Gross, Departamento de Estudos Germanísticos, Universidade do Porto
Index terms: Historiography - Medieval, Language and Literature - German, Mentalities, Printing History
Abstract

Paper -a:
The 13th-century Dominican, Vincent of Beauvais is unusual in describing the paratext of his Speculum maius in detail. His paratext, which takes advantage of all of the tools in the scholastic toolbox, is not only authorial, but an integral and important part of the work. He names his work Speculum because it will help his readers to see his subject matter which otherwise is so enormous, so far beyond their scope as to be invisible. Guided by the visual articulation of his works, his readers may see writ small, that which God wrote large.

Paper -b:
The relation between text and illumination in manuscripts has often been discussed: while texts, e.g. the Revelation of St. John (the ‘Apocalypse’) are developed and rewritten in an exegesis that is full of its own symbolic language and further implications, the accompanying illuminations regularly follow an own, mostly stable iconographic tradition, which is often not related to ‘its’ text. There are exceptions to this rule, e.g. the apocalypse commentary of Alexander of Bremen (1249-50) that is part of a Franciscan tradition and executes an extraordinarily explicit identification of present historical events and persons with the protagonists of the Revelation. The miniatures in 13th and 14th century manuscripts of Alexander’s commentary illuminate and enrich the commentary even further. The fact that in this case as in a few others we are dealing with exceptions lets us think about the status of illuminations as the ‘other’ text in general.

Paper -c:
Hartmann Schedel’s 1493 World Chronicle provides an account of events from the beginning of the world until its very end. However, while the illustrated pages function in chronological succession, the initial index facilitates an anachronistic access to individual articles within the eschatological whole. What effect do these different temporal approaches have on ‘the world in the book’; in what ways is the work a composition of various times? Touching on medial and narratological aspects, the paper analyses temporalities of the German vernacular Nuremberg Chronicle in order to discuss temporal Otherness and our perception of the Other in time.