Metalwork as being a significant material cultural evidence can reflect the nature of the society based on demands and status. Mirrors are very simple objects used for reflecting images. However, meanings and metaphors attributed to mirrors in medieval Anatolia make them complex and magnificent. What did a mirror mean and why did a person use it? What type of a pattern can we create to understand their functions both for the representation of the individual and the elite identity and power in terms of interpretation of self and other based on object, subject, and space relationship? These questions are significant to answer for the purpose of this paper in order to be able to investigate new perspectives for studying Islamic metalwork and the function of talismanic mirrors in medieval Anatolia.
One important function of clothing is sharing information about the wearer’s social position. Due to this clothing is a medium for distinguishing ‘Self’ from ‘Others’. In medieval Livonia (13th-16th centuries) regarding clothing a clear demarcation line ran between towns’ inhabitants and peasants living in rural areas. In urban context clothing was similar with European towns, but in villages fashion retained local prehistoric nature. The reasons for this kind of distinction can be cultural, economic, and social and are interlaced with questions of ethnicity and identity. Both written and archaeological sources can be combined for study the phenomenon.