IMC 2017: Sessions

Session 836: Medievalists and the Climate Sciences, II: Natural Records as Historical Source Material, Human Consequences of Climate

Tuesday 4 July 2017, 16.30-18.00

Sponsor:Abteilung für Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Umweltgeschichte, Universität Bern
Organiser:Heli Huhtamaa, Abteilung für Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Umweltgeschichte, Universität Bern / Department of Geographical & Historical Studies, University of Eastern Finland
Moderator/Chair:Christian Rohr, Abteilung für Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Umweltgeschichte, Universität Bern
Paper 836-aFlooding Events in Premodern Nuremberg, 1400-1800: Combining Evidence from Written Sources and Stalagmites
(Language: English)
Maximilian Schuh, Historisches Seminar, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Index terms: Economics - Urban, Technology
Paper 836-bCrop Failures and Crises in Relation to Climate-Sensitive Tree-Ring Records in Medieval Finland and North-West Russia, 1100-1500
(Language: English)
Heli Huhtamaa, Abteilung für Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Umweltgeschichte, Universität Bern / Department of Geographical & Historical Studies, University of Eastern Finland
Index terms: Computing in Medieval Studies, Economics - General, Social History
Paper 836-cViolence and Conflict as a Consequence of Abrupt Climatic Changes and Extreme Weather in Medieval Ireland
(Language: English)
Francis Ludlow, Department of History, Trinity College Dublin
Index terms: Geography and Settlement Studies, Social History
Abstract

The growing number, sophistication, and easier accessibility of detailed climate reconstructions have opened natural archives as a source for medievalists over recent decades. Alongside these new materials, new approaches to assessing the validity and reliability of the sources have emerged. With case studies of Nuremberg (Germany), North-West Europe, and Ireland, the second session reviews the opportunities and limitations of using natural archives such as stalagmite, tree-ring, and ice-core records as supplementary source materials in medieval studies. Moreover, the papers introduce a range of approaches to identify and quantify linkages between climate events and social crises, with the examples of floods, food crises, and violent conflicts over the three study regions.