The Chapel of the Cypress, also known as the Chapel of St Saviour, is located in the province of Lugo (Galicia, Spain), next to the river Sarria and in an area around the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela. It is the only building we preserve at present from the early medieval monastery of San Julián de Samos. Besides, it is one of the few examples of pre-Romanesque architecture with Mozarabic influences that still exists in Galicia. Based on historic photographs, a graphic analysis, and an examination of the restoration projects done throughout the 20th century on this chapel, we aim to understand what role the latter played in the conservation of this building as a historic testimony or living memory of the High Middle Ages in Samos.
Spolia, i.e. the reuse of building materials from earlier structures, are physical reminders of lost and irretrievable architectural settings. Spolia and spoliatio reflect both processes of damnatio and renovatio memoriae and form central concepts in both memory studies and architectural and urban transformation and reuse. This paper explores the role of spolia, and architecture built of spolia in identifying and reconstructing the past in Late Antiquity and Byzantium, specifically emphasising perceptions of time and space through ‘architectural recycling’: intentionally or unintentionally including a selection/miscellany of the ‘context’ to fabricate a present from remnants of the past.
I would like to present a topic about architectual sculpture in cistercian abbeys in Poland. The figurative sculpture was forbidden in Cistercian order but soon after St Bernard of Clairvaux’s death, the architectual relief appeared in their monastries. Scientists who are exploring Cistercian art are mostly focused on architecture of abbeys. I would like to show the motives of the decoration and their origin. Moreover, I would like to underline the influences of Cistercian art (sculpture, ornament and architecture) from French and German monastries on Polish convents.