The topic of the presented paper is the construction of the memory of ancient origin of the House of Hunyadi, whose member was also king of Hungary Matthias Corvinus (1458-1490). We will focus on the thesis about Roman background of the Hunyadis, the idea that was created by humanist authors who acted in the court of king Matthias in the last decade of his reign. Mainly chronicler of Hungarian ruler Antonio Bonfini was dealing with this question in his work called Rerum Ungaricarum for decades, which will be the main source for our topic. We want to explore the purpose of this kind of ‘memory building’, how it was related to the king’s effort to legitimize his own rule.
The goal of this paper will be the analysis of one particular source, the oldest Bohemian aristocratic autobiography – memoirs of the warrior, diplomat, and interpreter Christopher of Týn, written in 1516. Knight Christopher of Týn (born in 1453 in the Týn stronghold) served his whole life the Habsburg and Jagellon dynasties as well as various imperial princes. He spent the downhill of his life by taking care of his domain Stary Hroznatov near Eger. Cited source serves as an insight to a life and mentality of Bohemian nobility at the turn of the Middle Ages and early modern era. Memoirs of Christopher of Týn will be seen in a context of aristocratic autobiographical work in the late Middle Ages in the Central Europe.