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IMC 2018: Sessions

Session 1332: Sharing Spaces: Uses and Functions of Medieval Buildings and Monuments

Wednesday 4 July 2018, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Audrey Thorstad, School of History, Welsh History & Archaeology, Bangor University
Paper 1332-aHeRstory: Constructing an Holistic Account of Medieval Castles
(Language: English)
Karen Dempsey, School of Archaeology, Geography & Environmental Science, University of Reading
Index terms: Archaeology - General, Architecture - Secular, Gender Studies, Women's Studies
Paper 1332-bRemembering the Patriarchs in Crusader Hebron: Making and Marking a Multi-Faith Monument
(Language: English)
Megan Boomer, Department of the History of Art, University of Pennsylvania
Index terms: Architecture - Religious, Art History - General, Crusades
Paper 1332-c'Teeming with venerable memories': Functions, Associations, and Recollections at Old St Peter's in the Vatican
(Language: English)
Charles McClendon, Department of Fine Arts, Brandeis University, Massachusetts
Index terms: Architecture - Religious, Art History - General, Ecclesiastical History, Religious Life

Paper -a:
The predominance of male-centred views, present both within academia and the modern world, are particularly evident in castle studies. Beyond work by Roberta Gilchrist and Matthew Johnson, gender perspectives have rarely been applied in this discipline. Understandings from a new project - 'HeRstory' - challenge the modern (academic and public) idea of medieval castles as fundamentally masculine places: this paper demonstrates how buildings and objects, within their historical context, influenced the lives of all people. By embracing a multi-vocal past HeRstory challenges the consistent reinforcement of one grand narrative and constructs an holistic account of the medieval past.

Paper -b:
For 12th-century Muslim and Jewish pilgrims to the rechristened Holy Land, the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron was second only to Jerusalem in its sanctity. Although the Augustinian canons who controlled the shrine established new spaces and celebrations to enhance the patriarchs' prestige in the Christian imagination, their efforts are more evident in Arabic and Hebrew narratives that evaluate its effects. This paper reconsiders the monument's poorly understood architectural chronology alongside its presentation in medieval texts. It argues that changes to how Hebron was seen and described provided a means of negotiating differing communal memories of sacred narrative and recent history.

Paper -c:
The quote in the title comes from a bull issued by Pope Julius II in 1513 describing the ancient basilica he was in the process of rebuilding. This paper examines what he meant by this phrase. What were the functions, associations, and meanings that the church had accrued over time? Rather than static, the nature of the structure honouring the tomb of the Apostle Peter evolved in the course of more than a millennium, leaving a legacy of noteworthy events and circumstances that combined to create a potent symbol of papal authority and popular piety.