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IMC 2018: Sessions

Session 1343: Crusading Historiography, I

Wednesday 4 July 2018, 16.30-18.00

Moderator/Chair:Hilary Rhodes, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
Paper 1343-aClaiming the Holy Land: On the Christian Appropriation of Jerusalem in Latin Itineraria and the Gesta Francorum
(Language: English)
Ana Celia Núñez, Department of History, University of Cambridge
Index terms: Crusades, Ecclesiastical History, Lay Piety, Rhetoric
Paper 1343-bAngevine England and the Iberian Reconquista
(Language: English)
Lucas Villegas-Aristizábal, Bader International Study Centre, Herstmonceux Castle, Queen's University, Ontario
Index terms: Crusades, Military History, Politics and Diplomacy
Paper 1343-cCrusaders as Personalities in the Arabic Sources
(Language: English)
Betty Binysh, School of History, Archaeology & Religion, Cardiff University
Index terms: Crusades, Islamic and Arabic Studies, Politics and Diplomacy

Paper -a:
This study argues that the penultimate appendix to the Gesta Francorum,Incipit descriptio sanctorum locorum hierusalem, serves to support Latin Christian imperial identity and rule in Jerusalem. By turning our attention to the earlier Latin Christian itineraria and its respective scholarship, this paper explores how productions of memory work and ideas of Christian mapmaking occur in both the itineraria and the appendix to the Gesta Francorum. In doing so, this study demonstrates a point of connectivity between these historiographically separated texts, allowing us to further appreciate the Gesta Francorum as a robust pilgrimage narrative.

From the Norman conquest of England (1066) to the captures of Lisbon (1147) and Tortosa (1148), a number of Norman and Anglo-Norman nobles had joined expeditions to the Iberian frontier. This was despite the fact of the distant and relative foreignness of that area. The formation of the Angevine Empire, however ended this, making the Iberian realms allies and rivals in the second half of the 12th century. This paper endeavors to address how the formation of the Angevine Empire transformed the relations between the kingdom of England and the Iberian Christian realms, especially in relation to the wars against the Andalusi Muslims being fought there. It will explore how the influence of the crusades to the East and the geopolitical circumstances of the period both encouraged and hindered the participation of the Anglo-Norman nobility in these wars from the reign of Henry II to John.

Paper -c
This study examines the representations of individual crusade leaders across a range of Arabic contempory sources and later medieval historiography. The peace-making approaches of Emperor Frederick II elicited contemporary Muslim responses ranging from outrage to approval, and he was remembered with respect and warmth. In contrast, despite Louis IX's the military failure at Damietta, contempory Mamluks treated their captive with remarkable respect. However, later Mamluks remembered him with contempt and derision. This study explores what new information can be gleaned about individual crusade leaders from the 'Othered' perceptions of their enemies.