IMC 2018: Sessions

Session 1523: Memory and the Construction of Mendicant Sanctity

Thursday 5 July 2018, 09.00-10.30

Moderator/Chair:Melanie Brunner, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
Paper 1523-aMemorise and Forget: The Virtues of Francis of Assisi as a Tool for Controlling Franciscans in Capetian France in the 13th Century
(Language: English)
Elena Kravtsova, Department of Manuscripts & Rare Books, State Museum of the History of Religion, St Petersburg
Index terms: Administration, Hagiography, Monasticism, Rhetoric
Paper 1523-bThe Hagiographic Representation of St Francis of Assisi in the Sermons of Antonio Vieira
(Language: English)
Thiago Maerki de Oliveira, Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brazil
Index terms: Hagiography, Language and Literature - Spanish or Portuguese

Paper -a:
The focus of my paper is a mnemonic structure of Francis of Assisi’s hagiographies – which is an opposition of Francis’s virtues and vices – and its revision by Thomas of Celano (1229 and 1247) and Bonaventura (1263). These revisions have been influenced by institutionalisation of the Order in medieval social structures for the 13th century. Moreover, Franciscans distinguished themselves from other friars and monks with the aid of Francis’s image creating a phenomenon of the collective memory of the Order. I suppose that it was a management tool for controlling Franciscans by institutional power in Capetian France in the 13th century.

Paper -b:
In the Chronicles of the Order of the Friars Minor (1556-1568), Marcos de Lisboa (1511-1591) composed a hagiography of St Francis of Assisi that influenced most of the texts on the saint written in Portugal. He presents Francis as the ‘angel of the sixth seal’ of Apocalypse (7, 2) and as the stigmatised saint during a vision of a seraphim, as described in Isaiah (6, 1-2). In the following century, Antonio Vieira (1608-1697) dedicated two sermons to the wounds of St Francis. The Jesuit changes the saint’s representation because he does not relate him to the angel and seraph of the Bible. This work aims to demonstrate the reason for this modification. Our hypothesis is that Vieira wanted to refute the image of the Franciscan Order as being prefigured in the Holy Scriptures by the figure of its founder. Thus, it would not occupy a prominent role in the history of salvation.